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A guide to writing an academic paper

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❶Be familiar with the journal literature and the popular sources that are also available on paper. Do you need to make the transitions between sections flow more smoothly?

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Just make sure there are no exact quotes or close paraphrases of specific pages. You must provide an in-text not just a listing in the bibliography citation, including a page number, when you paraphrase or quote an author word for word. You must provide an in-text citation when you use statistics that you obtained from a source. These are the unbreakable rules. If you break them you are guilty of plagiarism.

I take academic dishonesty very seriously. You should always introduce a quote, rather than just sticking it in the middle of a paragraph identified only by the citation. Also, quotes should never be placed back-to-back without any text in between. To write either of the previous sentences and not give a citation is not acceptable.

Again you have the right to use whatever sources you see fit, but with that right comes the responsibility to inform your reader where and how you obtained your information. That is the purpose of a citation. When you use ideas or information or statistics, giving an in-text citation is just like calling specific witnesses. You need to do this to make your case. This is equally true if you try to use the ideas more generally:.

To leave that sentence without citation is also not acceptable. Therefore you must indicate where it came from. In reality, knowing when to cite is as much an acquired skill as anything else. There are a few unbreakable rules, such as citing a direct quote or a paraphrase or statistics. Beyond that, use your judgment. It is always better to cite too much than too little. To continue the metaphor: And witnesses for the other side must be cross-examined! In choosing to use this citation style, you are required to create a bibliography at the end of the paper which includes all of the material you have cited within the text.

If you got ideas from it then you better cite it. If you are familiar with official APA citation style, please use it. At the very least, bibliographic style should look like the following examples:. University of Notre Dame Press, However, do be careful how you cite articles in edited volumes.

The editor s of the book i. Usually the editor s have only one or two of them at most. You must cite each article separately by the name of the author s of each article. Check to make sure you are clear on whose article or chapter is whose. Also make sure you underline or italicize pick one and stick with it the book title and put the article or chapter title in quotes. For more examples of bibliography formatting, and the relevant information on the course readings, consult the syllabus. All of that information is there for you.

A word of advice about Internet sources: Be familiar with the journal literature and the popular sources that are also available on paper.

Learn how to use EconLit and other scholarly and popular indexes. Then, and only then, should you Google. Net sources are on average much less reliable than printed ones because even though scholarly material is available via Google, a much larger percentage of what you find is, in one way or another, self-published and therefore less reliable. The best way to determine whether a Net source is a legitimate one is having read lots of printed material and having a sense for what kinds of arguments are considered reasonable.

However, if you do find a usable Net source, you should cite it like any other work. Note that there must be an author and a title of the page or paper in question. Then you can provide the complete URL and either a date listed on the page, or the date that you accessed the information. The hardest part about making use of sources is not finding them or learning how manipulate the mechanics of citation.

The hard part is evaluating whether a source is reliable or not. This is especially true on the Net, but is also true for printed material. The best way to become a good judge of sources is to read them. For example, papers that keep being cited by other authors are probably important.

But the only way to know that is to have done a fair amount of reading and research including the reference lists of the sources you find and entering the ongoing conversation. And that requires making the time and doing the work.

Nothing is more disappointing and annoying than a sloppy looking paper. Show some pride in what you do and take the time to make it at least look like you care. You should feel flattered that someone has asked you to tell them what you have to say about a subject. The following is a list of things that your papers, first drafts included , must contain. This includes any drafts you send as a file attached to an email or place in a drop box on Angel.

If I print that file, it should look just like a paper you would hand in as hard copy. Use Times New Roman 12 point font or something else easily readable like Garamond and do not use the templates in Word or for writing papers. Just plain black text on a white page please. If a hard copy, your entire paper must be stapled or paper clipped — Do not use geeky plastic binders.

A few comments on this list. First, pick a title that says something about your paper. An Example of the Failures of Stalinism. Your title should also not be a complete sentence. It should be a short, declarative summary of the paper. Second, if you have a long paper that seems to divide up into distinct sections, break it up by using section headings.

For example, if the first half of your paper on Albania was about socialist theory, you could use a section heading to indicate it. Before you start the next section, say on the history of Albania, you could use another section heading, and then use one to indicate your conclusion. This will help keep your organization straight and make it clearer for your reader. Third, number your pages. This enables me to give you help or criticism on specific pages. No little thing annoys me more than a lack of page numbers.

Fourth, give yourself enough time to do the assignment well. The biggest cause of sloppy work and bad analysis is not taking your time. If you start enough in advance, you can run a draft or two and take the time to read them for analytical and grammatical errors. You should be the most merciless critic of your own work. However, doing so requires time, so make the time to do the job right.

If I have the time, and I usually do, I will be glad to read early drafts and outlines, just ask me ahead of time. Our academic writing service facilitates our customers to get free academic papers because we care for our customers.

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Academic writing is devoted to topics and questions that are of interest to the academic community. When you write an academic paper, you must first try to find a topic or a question that is relevant and appropriate - not only to you, but to the academic community of which you are now a part.

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In academic publishing, a paper is an academic work that is usually published in an academic journal. It contains original research results or reviews existing results. It contains original research results or reviews existing results. Listed below are the steps required to write an academic paper. These steps do not have to be done in the order listed; in fact, they may be repeated many times during the process.

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Academic Papers. filezperfecttz.cf is an academic paper writing company which writes all kinds of academic papers such as academic essay papers, academic research papers, academic term papers, academic reports, academic reviews, academic speeches and academic dissertations. We do writing for academic papers for all formats of writing such as APA academic papers, MLA academic papers. So here’s a primer written for college students on how to write an academic paper, though some of the advice would be useful for anybody writing anything. The author is Steven Horwitz, a professor of economics at St. Lawrence University in Canton, NY.