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Argumentative Essays

The Process of Argumentative Essay Writing

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Argumentative Essay Structure

Structure of argumentative essays
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This type of essay provides the reader with a thorough overview of a topic, covering all facets, but also attempts to persuade the reader into agreeing with the author's point of view. To write an argumentative essay, select a debatable topic that you have a strong opinion about.

Your job is to convince the reader that your view on the subject is the best one, so choose a topic you can investigate and support with research.

Open the essay with a concise thesis that asserts your viewpoint, then sum up all aspects of the issue, including your opinion and counterarguments. Pull quotes from reputable sources to support your stance, and end by restating your thesis and reasserting your main points. Featured Articles Argumentative Essays. Understand the purpose of an argumentative essay.

The purpose of this type of essay is to fully investigate an issue or topic. This involves extensive research covering all aspects of the topic and gathering information on all involved points of view. Argumentative essays also provide your audience with a well-rounded summary of the issue at hand, but clearly indicate what your own point of view is and why this view is the best option over others.

Understand the methodology of an argumentative essay. To prepare yourself to write an argumentative essay, it is crucial for you to fully immerse yourself in the subject material. The effectiveness of this type of essay depends on the author's ability to parse through the various facets of the topic and lead the reader toward an obvious and logical conclusion.

To this end, you must familiarize yourself with all opinions about the topic so that you can also outline the viewpoints that oppose your own view counterarguments. Understand the desired outcome of an argumentative essay. In the end, the main reason someone chooses to write an argumentative essay other than the fact that their professor told them to! Make sure you have your desired outcome in mind as you move forward in the writing process.

Choose something that fits the format. Remember that an argumentative essay will argue in support of a particular view in a debatable issue. As such, it is important that you do not choose a topic that is not arguable. Pick an issue that is interesting to you. You'll be spending a lot of time researching and writing this paper. So it is important for you to choose a topic that you find interesting from the start.

Avoid choosing a topic that has been overdone, or, on the other hand, one that is too obscure since supporting evidence may be more difficult to find. Find a peer preferably one that holds an oppositional view to discuss your argument with. This process will help you refine your thinking and develop new ideas to support your judgment.

Try a debate-style conversation in which you each bring up aspects of the controversy and attempt to explain your view on the topic. Keep your audience in mind. An important aspect of writing an argumentative essay is understanding your audience. Are you writing the paper for a class, in which case your audience is your professor and your classmates? Or perhaps you are writing it for a presentation to a larger group of people.

Regardless, you must think about where your audience is coming from in order to lead them to your desired outcome. People's backgrounds and experiences often influence how they will react to views different from their own, so it is helpful for you to be knowledgeable about these factors.

You also use different language when addressing different groups of people. For example, you would speak to the pastor at your church differently than you might speak in a casual setting with your best friend.

It is important to be mindful of these distinctions when considering your audience. Understand the rhetorical situation. It is essential that you understand all of the factors in the situation surrounding your issue. All rhetorical situations contain five basic elements: That is why rhetoric is important in an argumentative essay.

These types of essays aim to convince the reader that the author's view on the subject is the most correct one. Create a catchy title. Developing a creative, original title is a fantastic opportunity to hook your reader into wanting to read more of your paper before they even get to the introduction. A good title will act as a "preview" for what your paper will be about.

Many titles for academic papers come in two parts, separated by a colon. The first part is often a catchy hook that involves a pun on your topic or an impactful quote, and the second part is usually a sentence that sums up or provides details about your argument.

Come up with a thesis statement. Your thesis statement will be a concise idea that sums up your view on the issue. The thesis usually appears at the end of the introduction paragraph. Having this idea in mind early on in the reading process will help guide your reader through the rest of the paper. A good thesis statement is concise and clear. It tells the reader what the point of the paper is and why it's important.

The thesis must make a claim of some sort. Here is an example of a strong thesis statement: Excessive meat consumption in America is the leading cause of pollution today, and, thus, is a significant influence on global warming. This thesis makes a claim specifically a cause and effect claim about a debatable topic with a narrow enough focus to create an interesting, manageable argumentative essay.

Here is an example of a weak thesis statement: Pollution is a problem in the world today. This is not a debatable issue; few people would argue that pollution is not a problem. The topic is also too broad. You can't write a paper on every single aspect of pollution. Avoid the standard three-part thesis often taught to beginning writers.

This format is constricting and limits the shape your ideas can take to being contained in three basic body paragraphs.

Without the three-part thesis statement, your ideas can expand more freely and incorporate ideas that might not fit exactly into the three parts. An example of a three-part thesis statement might look something like this: Global warming is caused by industrial pollution, automobile exhaust fumes, and waste dumping in the oceans. In this case, you would expect to find three body paragraphs: Any other causes of pollution would not fit anywhere in this essay, which restricts the meaning and the message of the paper.

Changing the thesis to avoid this form will make for a much more functional essay that is written at a more advanced level. A more effective thesis would be something like this: Due to increasing global temperatures and rising ocean levels, global warming has become an issue that needs to be acknowledged by a wider audience in order to begin reversing the effects.

This section should briefly explain the essay topic and include relevant background information to familiarize the reader with the topic. As previously mentioned, your thesis statement should appear at the end of the introduction. Write the body of the paper.

Carefully present information that supports both your argument and opposition. Acknowledge evidence that supports the opposition, but utilize powerful evidence to assert your claim.

There are many different ways to organize your argument, [7] but the most important thing is that you cover all aspects of the issue. Leaving out information simply because it contradicts your thesis idea is unethical as it does not provide an accurate portrayal of the issue. Be sure to include counterarguments those ideas that are at odds with your own view , but explain to your reader why your own viewpoint is more logical and accurate, perhaps because the opposing view is based on outdated information, etc.

Avoid implicating opposing views as wrong because it could alienate your readers. The aim of this section is to reassert your argument and persuade the audience to support your claim. Try to connect the essay topic to the interests and values of the audience. Be sure to review your main points and restate your thesis. But make sure not to introduce any new information in the conclusion so that you can effectively wrap up what you've already said.

Often, it is helpful to end with a look forward to further research that could be done on the topic in light of what you have said in your paper. Go to the library and look up books on the subject. Or look up information from reliable sources on the internet. It is important to find sources that cover all views of the issue since the point of this kind of essay is to provide a well-rounded overview of all aspects of the topic. Collecting evidence and information that supports both your argument and the opposing view will strengthen your essay.

Ask a reference librarian for assistance in finding reputable, useful sources for your argument. They will probably be happy to help you. Pick sources that are reputable and provide accurate, up-to-date information. The best research acknowledges the foundational work on a given subject, but also interrogates innovations in the field and divergences from the status quo. They must have certain key elements including;. Essays are used as assessment at University to demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of a topic.

They are also useful tools to promote thinking and learning. You are required to develop an argument and apply critical thinking skills to analyse a range of academic sources in support of your argument.

Before you start, it is important to understand what type of essay you are required to write. The language of the question, especially the directive task words, will indicate the type of essay and suggest an appropriate structure to follow in your essay.

Often, assignments have more than one part. The most logical way to approach a multi-part assignment is to address each part of the task in the order that it is stated on the assignment task sheet. The first sentence of each section of the assignment should be a direct response to each part of the task. This is perhaps the most common structure.

Examples of this include questions which ask you to discuss, analyse, investigate, explore or review. In an analytical structure you are required to break the topic into its different components and discuss these in separate paragraphs or sections, demonstrating balance where possible.

Examples of this type of essay include questions which ask you to take a position on a topic, such as a particular decision or policy, and present arguments which support your position. An effective way to argue a point can be to present the opposing view first then counter this view with stronger evidence.

Based on this data, you may be asked to do a range of things such as provide recommendations or solutions, develop a nursing care plan, a teaching plan, suggest legal advice or plan a marketing strategy.

Examples of this type of essay include compare, compare and contrast or differentiate questions. Your assignment task may require you to make a recommendation about the suitability of the items you are comparing. These essay questions often require you to structure your answer in several parts. An example may be to ask you to investigate a problem and explore a range of solutions. You may also be asked to choose the best solution and justify your selection, allow space for this in your essay.

Examples of this type of essay include questions which ask you to state or investigate the effects or outline the causes of the topic. This may be, for example, an historical event, the implementation of a policy, a medical condition or a natural disaster. These essays may be structured in one of two ways: Sometimes with cause and effect essays you are required to give an assessment of the overall effects e.

Space must be allocated for this assessment in your structure. Assignments on HiQ - Working out how to start your assignments.

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o PURPOSE: Lays the foundation for proving your argument. o Will often include: Summary of works being discussed Definition of key terms Explanation of key theories SUPPORTING EVIDENCE PARAGRAPH #1 o PURPOSE: To prove your argument. Usually is one paragraph but it can be longer.

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Structure of the Argumentative Essay Outline If you distill your argumentative essay outline down to its basics, you’ll find that it’s made of four main sections: Argumentative Essay Outline Section 3: Refuting Opponents’ Arguments If you’re interested in learning more about argumentative essays.

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Five-paragraph structure It is the most common form of an argumentative essay. It means an essay consists of an introduction, three main body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Argumentative essay structure and topic examples Category: essay samples An argument essay is a "genre" or kind of written text that is used to teach high school students ability to argue.

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Writing an academic essay means fashioning a coherent set of ideas into an argument. Because essays are essentially linear—they offer one idea at a time—they must present their ideas in the order that makes most sense to a reader. Successfully structuring an essay means attending to a reader's logic. Structure of an Argumentative Paragraph The basic and most simple outline is similar to the basic paragraph structure: Introduce the main idea in the first topic sentence.