The death penalty is an issue that has the United States quite divided. While there are many supporters of it, there is also a large amount of opposition. Currently, there are thirty-three states in which the death penalty is legal and seventeen states that have abolished it Death Penalty Information Center. I believe the death penalty should be legal throughout the nation. There are many reasons as to why I believe the death penalty should be legalized in all states, including deterrence, retribution, and morality; and because opposing arguments do not hold up, I will refute the ideas that the death penalty is unconstitutional, irrevocable mistakes are made, and that there is a disproportionality of race and income level.
The use of capital punishment greatly deters citizens from committing crimes such as murder. Ernest van den Haag, a professor at Fordham University, wrote about the issue of deterrence:. They fear most death deliberately inflicted by law and scheduled by the courts…. Hence, the threat of the death penalty may deter some murderers who otherwise might not have been deterred. And surely the death penalty is the only penalty that could deter prisoners already serving a life sentence and tempted to kill a guard, or offenders about to be arrested and facing a life sentence.
This was due to other possible murderers being deterred from committing murder after realizing thatother criminals are executed for their crimes. Capital punishment also acts as a deterrent for recidivism the rate at which previously convicted criminals return to committing crimes after being released ; if the criminal is executed he has no opportunity to commit crimes again.
Some may argue that there is not enough concrete evidence to use deterrence as an argument for the death penalty. The reason some evidence may be inconclusive is that the death penalty often takes a while to be carried out; some prisoners sit on death row for years before being executed. This can influence the effectiveness of deterrence because punishments that are carried out swiftly are better examples to others.
Although the death penalty is already effective at deterring possible criminals, it would be even more effective if the legal process were carried out more quickly instead of having inmates on death row for years. The death penalty also carries out retribution justly.
When someone commits a crime it disturbs the order of society; these crimes take away lives, peace, and liberties from society. Giving the death penalty as a punishment simply restores order to society and adequately punishes the criminal for his wrongdoing. Retribution also serves justice for murder victims and their families. This lack of malice is proven in the simple definition of retribution: The death penalty puts the scales of justice back in balance after they were unfairly tipped towards the criminal.
The morality of the death penalty has been hotly debated for many years. Those opposed to the death penalty say that it is immoral for the government to take the life of a citizen under any circumstance. It is immoral to not properly punish a person who has committed such a horrendous crime. The criminal is also executed humanely; in no way is he subjected to torture or any form of cruelty.
All states that use the death penalty use lethal injection; the days of subjecting a prisoner to hanging or the electric chair are long gone in the US. Inmates are first given a large dose of an anesthetic so they do not feel any pain Bosner ; this proves that the process is made as humane as possible so the inmates do not physically suffer. Although the issue of morality is very personal for many people, it is important to see the facts and realize that capital punishment does take morality into account and therefore is carried out in the best way possible.
The eighth amendment to the United States Constitution prevents cruel and unusual punishment. Many opponents of capital punishment say that execution is cruel and unusual punishment and therefore violates the Constitution. As was stated earlier, the recipient of the death penalty is treated humanely and is not tortured in any way, shape, or form.
After the anesthetic is administered the person feels no pain; the only part of the process that could be considered painful is when the IV is inserted, but that is done in hospitals on a daily basis and no one is calling it unconstitutional. The Supreme Court has repeatedly upheld the death penalty as constitutional in cases they have presided over.
In the case of Furman v. The Supreme Court has not found capital punishment to be unconstitutional, and therefore this argument for abolition is invalid.
Another argument put forth by death penalty abolitionists is the possibility of executing an innocent person. Many people that argue this overestimate how often this happens, it is an extremely rare occurrence and has not happened since the death penalty was reintroduced in Mistakes will be made in any system which relies upon human testimony for proof. We should be vigilant to uncover and avoid such mistakes.
Our system of justice rightfully demands a higher standard for death penalty cases. Stewart points out that death penalty cases are held to a much higher standard. Due process in these cases takes much longer so that the court can be absolutely sure that the person is guilty before sentencing him to execution.
This helps to eliminate any errors that could lead to executing the wrong person. He also points out that although there is a small possibility for mistakes to be made, this does not mean capital punishment should be abolished. If everything that had the potential for harmful mistakes were outlawed, society would be extremely crippled. It is true that there is disproportionality when it comes to the races and classes that most frequently receive the death penalty.
It has been proven that minorities and those with lower income levels are overrepresented on death row. This is not due to discrimination; this is due to the higher rate at which these groups commit crime ProCon. It has been argued that poverty breeds criminality; if this is true then it makes sense that those at a lower income level would more frequently be sentenced to execution than those at higher income levels ProCon.
It has also been proven that minorities are disproportionately poor, and therefore they would also be more likely to receive the death penalty. Ernest van den Haag said it best:. The only relevant question is: Whether or not others deserved the same punishment, whatever the economic or racial group, have avoided execution is irrelevant.
It does not matter what race or economic status a person is, if he is guilty he must receive the appropriate punishment, which in some cases may be the death penalty. Capital punishment can be a difficult topic to approach because people tend to have extreme views on it.
The death penalty is an asset to society; it deters potential criminals as well as serves retribution to criminals, and is in no way immoral. The arguments against the death penalty often do not hold up when examined more closely.
It is important that the nation is united on this issue, rather than having some states use capital punishment while others do not. The death penalty can be an extremely useful tool in sentencing criminals that have committed some of the worst crimes known to society.
It is imperative that we begin to pass legislation making capital punishment legal throughout the United States so that justice can be served properly. The Case for Justice. Death Penalty Curricula for High School. For example, till year Iran killed 1. This type of punishment is not beneficial for the government as well since the execution is much more expensive than providing for the imprisoned for the whole life. And this money could be spent helping the families and children of the victims.
Despite all the negative sides of the capital punishment, there are a lot of pro-death penalty activists. They claim that the person who has acted inhumanly has to be treated the same way.
Also, they claim that if other people see how the government punishes people, this will become a deterrent from committing the crimes and violence in the future. There are also some cruel people that even do not hide the fact that they are looking forward to leaving the prison and continue killing the people. The opposite side claims that if the God gives the chance to live for these people, he gives them the opportunity to reconsider their lives and repent their sins.
One of the most important objectives of this group is to abandon the capital punishment. Since they turned their efforts to eliminate this kind of punishment, 16 countries had given it up. Today, the number is Although the capital punishment is the very harassing procedure, the amount of the crimes in the countries that practice it has never decreased, since it never acted as a deterrent for people.
That is why the government should put more efforts into the preventing such crimes. This can be done by providing everyone with the safe childhood, possibility to get a degree, find the job and provide for the family without living in fear that your children will die from the hunger at any time.
Most crimes are committed by not socially protected layers of the society or mentally ill people. By killing them without investigating the reasons and motivations for their actions, we show that we are not only not better than them, but even worse.
Jul 08, · Capital Punishment Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is the toughest form of punishment enforced today in the United States. According to the online Webster dictionary, capital punishment is defined as “the judicially ordered execution of a prisoner as a punishment for a serious crime, often called a capital .
- Capital Punishment loosely based assumption Capital punishment, also referred to as the death penalty, is the judicially ordered execution of a prisoner as a punishment for a serious crime, such as murder.
I dont believe in the old religious maxim of “an eye for an eye. ” Modern societies shouldn’t turn to such barbaric punishments. Another argument against capital punishment is that people can be wrongly convicted and executed. If a man is in prison, he can be released if later proved not guilty. If he is dead, there is nothing that can be done. The Ethics of Capital Punishment Essay - Should one person have the right to end another human's life. It is a question most people have the answer for when it comes to capital punishment. Capital punishment is known to some people one of the cruelest punishment to humanity.
Capital Punishment Essay Capital punishment that is also called the death penalty is the process of execution of the people, who committed a serious crime or even series of such offenses. The capital punishment is now considered to be a sanction of last resort, however, earlier it was a usual thing done to a lot of people. If you are looking for a well-written paper on capital punishment, take a look at this real-life essay example for future writing guidance.