Shakespeare Adapted from AResearchGuide. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Research Paper Outline Examples. Retrieved Sep 14, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4. You can use it freely with some kind of link , and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution.
Check Out the Official Book Learn how to construct, style and format an Academic paper and take your skills to the next level. Read More also available as ebook. This article is a part of the guide: Select from one of the other courses available: Don't miss these related articles:.
Save this course for later Don't have time for it all now? Add to my courses. Take it with you wherever you go. The Research Council of Norway. Share this page on your website: Check out our quiz-page with tests about: Back to Overview "Write a Paper". Search over articles on psychology, science, and experiments. Leave this field blank: Want to stay up to date?
At this point, however, if you are having difficulty finding adequate quality information, stop wasting your time; find another topic. First read a general article on your topic, for example from an encyclopedia. If you need to know what publication information is needed for the various types of sources, see a writing guide such as S F Writer.
On the index cards or in your notebook, write down information you want to use from each identified source, including page numbers.
Use quotation marks on anything you copy exactly, so you can distinguish later between exact quotes and paraphrasing. You will still attribute information you have quoted or paraphrased.
Some students use a particular index card method throughout the process of researching and writing that allows them great flexibility in organizing and re-organizing as well as in keeping track of sources; others color-code or otherwise identify groups of facts.
Use any method that works for you in later drafting your paper, but always start with good recordkeeping. Mind map or outline Based on your preliminary reading, draw up a working mind map or outline. Include any important, interesting, or provocative points, including your own ideas about the topic.
A mind map is less linear and may even include questions you want to find answers to. Use the method that works best for you. The object is simply to group ideas in logically related groups. You may revise this mind map or outline at any time; it is much easier to reorganize a paper by crossing out or adding sections to a mind map or outline than it is to laboriously start over with the writing itself. Focus and craftsmanship Write a well defined, focused, three- to five-point thesis statement, but be prepared to revise it later if necessary.
Take your time crafting this statement into one or two sentences, for it will control the direction and development of your entire paper. Facts and examples Now begin your heavy-duty research. Try the internet, electronic databases, reference books, newspaper articles, and books for a balance of sources. For each source, write down on an index card or on a separate page of your notebook the publication information you will need for your works cited MLA or bibliography APA page.
Write important points, details, and examples, always distinguishing between direct quotes and paraphrasing. As you read, remember that an expert opinion is more valid than a general opinion, and for some topics in science and history, for example , more recent research may be more valuable than older research. Avoid relying too heavily on internet sources, which vary widely in quality and authority and sometimes even disappear before you can complete your paper.
Never copy-and-paste from internet sources directly into any actual draft of your paper. For more information on plagiarism, obtain from the Butte College Student Services office a copy of the college's policy on plagiarism, or attend the Critical Skills Plagiarism Workshop given each semester. Matching mind map and thesis After you have read deeply and gathered plenty of information, expand or revise your working mind map or outline by adding information, explanations, and examples.
Aim for balance in developing each of your main points they should be spelled out in your thesis statement. Return to the library for additional information if it is needed to evenly develop these points, or revise your thesis statement to better reflect what you have learned or the direction your paper seems to have taken. Beginning in the middle Write the body of the paper, starting with the thesis statement and omitting for now the introduction unless you already know exactly how to begin, but few writers do.
Use supporting detail to logically and systematically validate your thesis statement. For now, omit the conclusion also. Organization and attribution Read, revise, and make sure that your ideas are clearly organized and that they support your thesis statement.
This is why you should establish early on the scope and limitations of your paper which will provide the foundation for your research paper outline. Basically, your outline will constitute three main sections: the Introduction, the Body and the Conclusion.
The research paper outline example above only serves as the bare bones of your research paper. To create an example of a research paper that is truly outstanding, one needs to flesh out their research paper outline with the relevant "meat".
Hopefully, this research paper outline example has given you a decent insight into starting a perfect research paper. It may seem daunting at first, but once you've worked on the bare bones using this research paper outline example, you'll be well on your way to getting stuck in and fleshing out the main content of your essay. Within your research paper outline, you should start off with an introduction to your research questions and background. For your research paper example to be the best, you will need to show that you understand the topic and have fought hard about the kind of things to investigate.
After your research paper outline is done, it’s time to start writing. But that blank screen will be easier to tackle if you keep referencing your outline. If you’re still having some trouble after you’re finished with your paper, let the Kibin editors help straighten out any kinks. How to Start a Research Paper. At least once during the student years every high school or college student has to complete a research paper. Unlike an essay, it can become a real challenge, as it requires not only personal thoughts on the subject but clear information, backed with credible sources and a logical structure.