Germany and former Nazi satellites made reparations to the Soviet Union. The reconstruction programme emphasised heavy industry to the detriment of agriculture and consumer goods. By , steel production was twice its level, but the production of many consumer goods and foodstuffs was lower than it had been in the late s. The immediate post-war period in Europe was dominated by the Soviet Union annexing , or converting into Soviet Socialist Republics ,    all the countries invaded and annexed by the Red Army driving the Germans out of central and eastern Europe.
The Allies established the Far Eastern Commission and Allied Council for Japan to administer their occupation of that country while the establishment Allied Control Council , administered occupied Germany. In accordance with the Potsdam Conference agreements, the Soviet Union occupied and subsequently annexed the strategic island of Sakhalin.
In the west, Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France. The Sudetenland reverted to Czechoslovakia following the European Advisory Commission 's decision to delimit German territory to be the territory it held on 31 December Close to one-quarter of pre-war Germany was de facto annexed by the Allies; roughly 10 million Germans were either expelled from this territory or not permitted to return to it if they had fled during the war.
The remainder of Germany was partitioned into four zones of occupation, coordinated by the Allied Control Council. The Saar was detached and put in economic union with France in In , the Federal Republic of Germany was created out of the Western zones. The Soviet zone became the German Democratic Republic. Germany paid reparations to the United Kingdom, France, and the Soviet Union, mainly in the form of dismantled factories , forced labour , and coal.
German standard of living was to be reduced to its level. In accordance with the Paris Peace Treaties, , reparations were also assessed from the countries of Italy , Romania , Hungary , Bulgaria , and Finland. US policy in post-war Germany from April until July had been that no help should be given to the Germans in rebuilding their nation, save for the minimum required to mitigate starvation.
The Allies' immediate post-war "industrial disarmament" plan for Germany had been to destroy Germany's capability to wage war by complete or partial de-industrialization. Dismantling of West German industry ended in By , equipment had been removed from manufacturing plants , and steel production capacity had been reduced by 6. Clay and George Marshall , the Truman administration accepted that economic recovery in Europe could not go forward without the reconstruction of the German industrial base on which it had previously been dependent.
From onwards West Germany also became a minor beneficiary of the Marshall Plan. Volunteer organisations had initially been forbidden to send food, but in early the Council of Relief Agencies Licensed to Operate in Germany was founded. However, after making approaches to the Allies in the autumn of it was allowed to investigate the camps in the UK and French occupation zones of Germany, as well as to provide relief to the prisoners held there.
On 4 February , the Red Cross was permitted to visit and assist prisoners also in the U. The Treaty of Peace with Italy spelled the end of the Italian colonial empire , along with other border revisions. In the Italian constitutional referendum the Italian monarchy was abolished, having been associated with the deprivations of the war and the Fascist rule, especially in the North.
Unlike in Germany and Japan, no war crimes tribunals were held against Italian military and political leaders, though the Italian resistance summarily executed some of them such as Mussolini at the end of the war; the Togliatti amnesty , taking its name from the Communist Party secretary at the time, pardoned all wartime common and political crimes in Austria called Ostmark by the Germans was separated from Germany and divided into four zones of occupation.
After the war, the Allies rescinded Japanese pre-war annexations such as Manchuria , and Korea became independent. The Philippines and Guam were returned to the United States. The Dutch East Indies was to be handed back to the Dutch but was resisted leading to the Indonesian war for independence.
Roosevelt had secretly traded the Japanese Kurils and south Sakhalin to the Soviet Union in return for Soviet entry in the war with Japan. Hundreds of thousands of Japanese were forced to relocate to the Japanese main islands. Okinawa became a main US staging point. The US covered large areas of it with military bases and continued to occupy it until , years after the end of the occupation of the main islands.
The bases still remain. The Allies collected reparations from Japan. To further remove Japan as a potential future military threat, the Far Eastern Commission decided to de-industrialise Japan, with the goal of reducing Japanese standard of living to what prevailed between and In early , the Licensed Agencies for Relief in Asia were formed and permitted to supply Japanese with food and clothes.
In April the Johnston Committee Report recommended that the economy of Japan should be reconstructed due to the high cost to US taxpayers of continuous emergency aid. Japan provided no special assistance to these people until In the Winter War of —, the Soviet Union invaded neutral Finland and annexed some of its territory.
From until , Finland aligned itself with Nazi Germany in a failed effort to regain lost territories from the Soviets. Finland retained its independence following the war but remained subject to Soviet-imposed constraints in its domestic affairs. In June , the Soviet governments of the Baltic states carried out mass deportations of "enemies of the people"; as a result, many treated the invading Nazis as liberators when they invaded only a week later.
The Atlantic Charter promised self-determination to peoples deprived of it during the war. With the return of Soviet troops at the end of the war, the Forest Brothers mounted a guerrilla war. This continued until the mids.
An estimated one million military and civilian Filipinos were killed from all causes; of these , were listed as killed in seventy-two war crime events. According to a United States analysis released years after the war, U.
As a result of the new borders drawn by the victorious nations, large populations suddenly found themselves in hostile territory. Poland lost the Kresy region about half of its pre-War territory and received most of Germany east of the Oder-Neisse line , including the industrial regions of Silesia. The German state of the Saar was temporarily a protectorate of France but later returned to German administration.
As set forth at Potsdam, approximately 12 million people were expelled from Germany, including seven million from Germany proper, and three million from the Sudetenland. During the war, the United States government interned approximately , Japanese Americans and Japanese who lived along the Pacific coast of the United States in the wake of Imperial Japan 's attack on Pearl Harbor. After the war, some internees chose to return to Japan, while most remained in North America.
The Soviet Union expelled at least 2 million Poles from east of the new border approximating the Curzon Line. This estimate is uncertain as both the Polish Communist government and the Soviet government did not keep track of the number of expelled.
The number of Polish citizens inhabiting Polish borderlands Kresy region was about 13 million before World War II broke out according to official Polish statistics. Polish citizens killed in the war that originated from the Polish borderlands territory killed by both German Nazi regime and the Soviet regime or expelled to distant parts of Siberia were accounted as Russian, Ukrainian or Belarusian casualties of war in official Soviet historiography.
This fact imposes additional difficulties in making the correct estimation of the number of Polish citizens forcibly transferred after the war. Additionally, the Soviet Union transferred more than two million people within their own borders; these included Germans, Finns, Crimean Tatars , and Chechens. As Soviet troops marched across the Balkans, they committed rapes and robberies in Romania , Hungary , Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.
Foreign reports of Soviet brutality were denounced [ by whom? Rapes also occurred under other occupation forces, though the majority were committed by Soviet troops. This offensive attitude among our troops is not at all general, but the percentage is large enough to have given our Army a pretty black name, and we too are considered an army of rapists. German soldiers left many war children behind in nations such as France and Denmark, which were occupied for an extended period.
After the war, the children and their mothers often suffered recriminations. In the first few weeks of the American military occupation of Japan, rape and other violent crime was widespread in naval ports like Yokohama and Yokosuka but declined shortly afterward. There were 1, reported rapes during the first 10 days of the occupation of Kanagawa prefecture.
Historians Eiji Takemae and Robert Ricketts state that "When US paratroopers landed in Sapporo, an orgy of looting, sexual violence, and drunken brawling ensued. Gang rapes and other sex atrocities were not infrequent" and some of the rape victims committed suicide. Eichelberger , the commander of the U. Eighth Army, recorded that in the one instance when the Japanese formed a self-help vigilante guard to protect women from off-duty GIs, the Eighth Army ordered armored vehicles in battle array into the streets and arrested the leaders, and the leaders received long prison terms.
A former prostitute recalled that as soon as Australian troops arrived in Kure in early , they "dragged young women into their jeeps, took them to the mountain, and then raped them. I heard them screaming for help nearly every night'. Such behavior was commonplace, but news of criminal activity by Occupation forces was quickly suppressed.
Rape committed by U. Soon after the U. At the time, there were only women, children and old people in the village, as all the young men had been mobilized for the war. Soon after landing, the marines "mopped up" the entire village, but found no signs of Japanese forces.
Taking advantage of the situation, they started "hunting for women" in broad daylight and those who were hiding in the village or nearby air raid shelters were dragged out one after another. According to Toshiyuki Tanaka, 76 cases of rape or rape-murder were reported during the first five years of the American occupation of Okinawa.
However, he claims this is probably not the true figure, as most cases were unreported. The alliance between the Western Allies and the Soviet Union began to deteriorate even before the war was over,  when Stalin , Roosevelt, and Churchill exchanged a heated correspondence over whether the Polish government-in-exile , backed by Roosevelt and Churchill, or the Provisional Government , backed by Stalin, should be recognised.
A number of allied leaders felt that war between the United States and the Soviet Union was likely. Stalin responded by charging that co-existence between communist countries and the West was impossible. Due to the rising tension in Europe and concerns over further Soviet expansion, American planners came up with a contingency plan code-named Operation Dropshot in It considered possible nuclear and conventional war with the Soviet Union and its allies in order to counter a Soviet takeover of Western Europe, the Near East and parts of Eastern Asia that they anticipated would begin around In response, the US would saturate the Soviet Union with atomic and high-explosive bombs, and then invade and occupy the country.
The approach entailed a major buildup of US nuclear forces and a corresponding reduction in America's non-nuclear ground and naval strength. In Greece , civil war broke out in between Anglo-American-supported royalist forces and communist-led forces , with the royalist forces emerging as the victors. On 12 March , to gain Congressional support for the aid, President Truman described the aid as promoting democracy in defence of the " free world ", a principle that became known as the Truman Doctrine.
The US sought to promote an economically strong and politically united Western Europe to counter the threat posed by the Soviet Union. This was done openly using tools such as the European Recovery Program , which encouraged European economic integration.
The International Authority for the Ruhr , designed to keep German industry down and controlled, evolved into the European Coal and Steel Community , a founding pillar of the European Union. The United States also worked covertly to promote European integration, for example using the American Committee on United Europe to funnel funds to European federalist movements.
However, without the manpower and industrial output of West Germany no conventional defence of Western Europe had any hope of succeeding. The attempt was dashed when the French Parliament rejected it. In Asia, the surrender of Japanese forces was complicated by the split between East and West as well as by the movement toward national self-determination in European colonial territories. As agreed at the Yalta Conference , the Soviet Union went to war against Japan three months after the defeat of Germany.
The Soviet forces invaded Manchuria. This was the end of the Manchukuo puppet state and all Japanese settlers were forced to leave China. The Soviet Union dismantled the industrial base in Manchuria built up by the Japanese in the preceding years.
Manchuria also became a base for the Communist Chinese forces because of the Soviet presence. After the war, the Kuomintang KMT party led by generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and the Communist Chinese forces resumed their civil war , which had been temporarily suspended when they fought together against Japan.
The fight against the Japanese occupiers had strengthened popular support among the Chinese for the Communist guerrilla forces while it weakened the KMT, who depleted their strength fighting a conventional war.
Full-scale war between the opposing forces broke out in June The KMT forces retreated to the island of Taiwan in Hostilities had largely ceased in Intermittent military clashes occurred between the PRC and Taiwan from Taiwan unilaterally declared the civil war over in , but no formal peace treaty or truce exists and the PRC officially sees Taiwan as a breakaway province that rightfully belongs to it and has expressed its opposition to Taiwanese independence.
Even so, tensions between the two states has decreased over time for example with the Chen-Chiang summits From this point, the relations between them have improved over time although some tension and rivalry remain even with the end of the Cold War and the PRC's distancing from the Communist ideology. At the Yalta Conference , the Allies agreed that an undivided post-war Korea would be placed under four-power multinational trusteeship.
After Japan's surrender, this agreement was modified to a joint Soviet-American occupation of Korea. Korea, formerly under Japanese rule , and which had been partially occupied by the Red Army following the Soviet Union's entry into the war against Japan, was divided at the 38th parallel on the orders of the US War Department.
Hodge , enlisted many former Japanese administrative officials to serve in this government. Simultaneously, the Soviets enabled a build-up of heavy armaments to pro-communist forces in the north. It culminated in the north invading the south, start of the Korean War two years later. Labour and civil unrest broke out in the British colony of Malaya in A state of emergency was declared by the colonial authorities in with the outbreak of acts of terrorism.
In , communist leader Chin Peng reopened hostilities, culminating in a second emergency that lasted until The communist-controlled common front Viet Minh supported by the Allies was formed among the Vietnamese in the colony in to fight for the independence of Vietnam, against both the Japanese and prewar French powers. After the Vietnamese Famine of support for the Viet Minh was bolstered as the front launched a rebellion, sacking rice warehouses and urging the Vietnamese to refuse to pay taxes.
Because the French colonial authorities started to hold secret talks with the Free French, the Japanese interned them 9 March When Japan surrendered in August, this created a power vacuum, and the Viet Minh took power in the August Revolution , declaring the independent Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
However, the Allies including the Soviet Union all agreed that the area belonged to the French. Nationalist Chinese forces moved in from the north and British from the south as the French were unable to do so immediately themselves and then handed power to the French, a process completed by March Attempts to integrate the Democratic Republic of Vietnam with French rule failed and the Viet Minh launched their rebellion against the French rule starting the First Indochina War that same year the Viet Minh organized common fronts to fight the French in Laos and Cambodia.
The war ended in with French withdrawal and a partition of Vietnam that was intended to be temporary until elections could be held. The Democratic Republic of Vietnam held the north while South Vietnam formed into a separate republic in control of Ngo Dinh Diem who was backed in his refusal to hold elections by the US.
The communist party of the south eventually organized the common front NLF to fight to unite south and north under the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and thus began the Vietnam War , which ended with the Democratic Republic of Vietnam conquering the South in Japan invaded and occupied Indonesia during the war and replaced much of the Dutch colonial state.
Although the top positions were held by Japanese, the internment of all Dutch citizens meant that Indonesians filled many leadership and administrative positions. Following the Japanese surrender in August , nationalist leaders Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta declared Indonesian independence. A four and a half-year struggle followed as the Dutch tried to re-establish their colony, using a significant portion of their Marshall Plan aid to this end.
Although Dutch forces re-occupied most of Indonesia's territory, a guerrilla struggle ensued, and the majority of Indonesians, and ultimately international opinion, favoured Indonesian independence.
In December , the Netherlands formally recognised Indonesian sovereignty. British covert operations in the Baltic States, which began in against the Nazis, escalated after the war. The Marshall plan was also a short term affect upon the world that reaped long term benefits, as the US helped to rebuild the world. Also there were power vacuums created by the WWII. Both Britain and France began to lose their colonial possessions. This meant freedom to lots of differing countries. What long term effects did World War 2 have on women's lives?
World War Two had a profound effect on the women of the United States -- particularly in the area of employment. Jobs for women were limited -- nurses, salesgirls, domestics cooks, maids, cleaning women, etc. I don't know what the country would have done without them. I don't know what the percentage of women in the workforce is today -- but it's very high. What were the short and long term effects on Poland and the Poles during and after World War 2? Poland suffered more damage in WW2 than any West European country.
Warsaw, the capital, was almost completely destroyed. About six million Poles mainly civilians out of a pre-war population of about 35 million were killed, about half of them Jews and the other half Gentiles.
The Soviet Union kept that portion of Poland that it had invaded in Many of the inhabitants were Ukrainians, but the Poles living there were deported westwards. As a kind of compensation for this loss, Poland acquired most of Silesia, Pommerania and about two-thirds of East Prussia from Germany, despite the fact that these areas were German. The Germans living there were expelled, amid considerable loss of life. Poland became a satellite of the Union of Soviets.
During the German occupation Poles were forbidden to receive any schooling beyond age of men. The country's long-standing tradition of anti-semitism continued during and after the war, and some Holocaust survivors were slaughtered by Poles in What effect did World War 2 have on women?
After the loss of family, perhaps sons and husbands, to the war,obviously there was a great amount of depression and sadness. Women also took on many male roles during WW2. Such as farming, working in large factorys and in some cases building, to restore damage done by air-raids.
Not only were the women full time workers they were also full time mothers to any younger children they may have. I think the real question is, 'how did women cope during the war? Alot of restrictions were also given during that time, which effected anyone at home. Small ammounts of food and materials were given to families monthly. There were not enough people to work the factories, so all clothing was mostly hand-made. This was yet another job took on by females.. Hope this has helped a little: What effects did World War 2 have on the Philippines?
Many of them died How did World War 2 effect Poland? Poland was actually the first country to get invaded and be under complete Nazi control. In some sense it was actually the second Nazi zone behing Germany of course. What are the effects of World War 2 on Canada? Read the very complete sets of answers that are contained in this sites category on "Canada in World War Two".
This question, or ones very much like it, have been answered many times before. What were the effects of World War 1 and World War 2? After the wars France and Britain had taken many casualties, and lost many of their colonies, while the USA got a massive economy from making weapons of war, and the Soviet union gained much territory in Europe. What were the after effects of World War 2 on soldiers?
Battle fatigue hurt soldiers psychologically and sociologically. Many soldiers returned home and the GI Bill was put into place in order to help the soldiers regain a normal life again. What were the short term effects of world war 2? I guess many people lost lives,countries lost a lot of money during the war, and Germany was weaken during the war for a while. I wonder if this reason is correct or not. World war 2 effects? Over 1 million houses were destroyed or damaged and around 20, people were killed.
London was left in absolute devastation and there was lots to repair. It left at least 90, dead in Hiroshima and 60, in Nagasaki some historians estimate these figures as high as , and 80, respectively. It divided Germany into four "zones of occupation" by the victorious Allies. And who has not heard of the Holocaust, or Hitler, or Nazism? These are all things that will never be forgotten. How was China effected by World War 2? The KMT government eventually lost the mainland and fled to Taiwan.
Also our population has suffered greatly since so many men have sacrificed their lives during surprise attacks. What were the long term and short term effects of world war 2? The long term effects were foreign policy and military build-up. The short term effects were racism towards Japanese and war jobs.
What were the after effects of World War 2? World peace, elimination of the Nazis and the changing of the Japanese culture - the great westernization of the Japanese. Colonial nations; some got their independence and others had less controlling power from the Imperialist Nation that owned them.
Europe was changed for decades to come. The United Nations Organization was solidified. Korea and Vietnam War. Women went to work and soon over forty percent of the working population were women in important professions, upper level executive jobs and all the other job positions - including jobs that were once only done by men.
The maps of the world changed as the borders of nations and names of countries were re-designated. New globes had to be made. Europe was improved with the new economic foundations and new world trade agreements.
Tourism to Europe rose. Children were taught not to ever have another world war and why the 2 wars were started and how to prevent another world war while the Cold War Raged. Children grew to be teens and young adults and revolted over the hypocrisy and wars that should not be fought; namely the Vietnam war. What effect did world war 2 have on children? I guess it affected them in loads of ways.
First mostly all of them were evacuated to the country side, or in some cases to Canada on massive ships that rarely ever made it safely back to England. They were also affected school- wise, as many of the male teachers had to be pulled up to go into war.
Other ways they could have been affected, is by rationing and their homes being destroyed. What were the effect of World War 2 in Mexico?
As a close neighboring country to the US, they shared the benefits of US industrialization. What are the effects of World War 2?
The biggest effect was that the USSR gained control over a huge part of Europe this in turn led to the cold war, Which meant that war equipment could contineu to be made without having to actually use it in effect the population of the most productive part of the world became the slaves of weapons manufacturers. This of coarse was not the only effect of WW2 but it is one way of looking at it. Well there was a man by the name of Adolf Hitler who stood up and said "why are we going to let them treat us this way".
Even though he wasnt ellected Minister of Germany in , when came the prime minister Paul von Hindenburg was dying and gave him power of Germany since he was 2nd in the election. Hitler destroyed the democracy of Germany and made a secret army.
What long term effects did World War 2 have? The long-term effects of World War II have been many and varied. The most important of these, however, was the rise of the UnitedStates as the world's great super-power a status which it canstill be said to hold today , along with a rival for that positionin the U.
This rivalry played out in the Cold War thatdominated the latter half of the 20th century, defininggeo-political affairs for several generations and maintaining anever-present threat of nuclear destruction.
What are the effects of the World War 2? World War II had many effects on the world. The United States movedfrom being an isolationist nation to the "world's police force," asit still is today.
As aresult of the cold war Europe was diveded between the western democratic nations and the eastern communist nations. Germanywas also divided east and west. Germany was not allowed to hold amilitary either. The nation of Israel was set up as a homage forJewish refugees from the war. These documents stressedthat Communism needed to be contained and it was America's duty tocontain it. They also stressed the "Domino Theory," which believedif one nation became communist, that all other nations around itwould also succumb.
The United Nations was also set up as a resultof the war. What effects did World War 2 have on the world? What was the effect of communism on World War 2? How were Negros effected in World War 2?
In Nazi Germany under the Third Reich, Africans were sterilized and persecuted against as they were not Aryans and a danger to the mission of creating a pure, Germanic society. What effect did World War 2 have on Britain? Great Britain was bombed heavily during WW2, this was known as the Blitz where German air crafts flew over the English Channel to drop bombs on major cities and industries. The Britta ins used a system called 'Black out' to confuse the pilots so that they could not see the city lights on the ground.
Brittain's hid in Air Raid Shelters to protect themselves from the bombs these were metal containers dug slightly into the ground to protect them from the bomb being dropped around them..
Brittain's were also given Ration books for German ships were sinking their supply ships, this caused a shortage of food. People were also recommended to grow a lot of their own food, lots of land was turned into farms.. Thousands of Britain's men died fighting on the boarders of France fighting Germany.
After the war had been won, Britain suffered great losses and had to build up their economy for lots of their industries had been bombed. At this time it was called a Cold War for neither side could fight due to the neuclear bomb. If one side dropped a bomb so would the other, there where enough neuclear bombs to blow up the world 7 times over!!!
Did the UN have an effect on world war 2? The UN was created too late in to have had an effect on WW2. What was the biggest effect of World War 2?
There are 2 massively important factors:. The treatment of the Jews in Europe.. The advent of Atomic Nuclear warfare. What are the longterm effects of World War 2? The answer of this question needs lots of minds with different opinions. I think the main long term effect is that the world will watch carefully and intervene as much as possible in order to stop any evil mind, like Hitler's, from acquiring power that can threat the whole world.
Were World War 2 posters effective? They kept the public aware of the struggle that we were fight for. What was the causes and effects of world war 2? Although the outbreak of war was triggered by Germany's invasion of Poland, the causes of the war are more complex Including the follwoing: Germany was totally defeated, and the Nazi regime brought down. Its leaders were tried for crimes against humanity at Nuremberg, the former site of Nazi propaganda triumphs.
Hitler escaped trial and execution by committing suicide in his Berlin bunker at the end of the war. German cities were in ruins from a massive bombing campaign.
Germany was divided into 4 zones of occupation by the victorious powers, pending a more permanent political settlement. Japan also was in ruins from extensive bombing. Prominent military leaders were tried and convicted of war crimes, but the emperor was allowed to retain his position.
Japan was temporarily placed under U. England was devastated by the war, having experienced extensive bombing during the blitz by the Germans. The economy depended for recovery upon aid from the United States. England rapidly phased out most of its remaining imperial holdings in the years immediately following the war.
France had not experienced the enormous human losses sustained in the First World War, but would have to recover from the effects of Nazi occupation. Retribution was taken upon collaborators. Like England, France would be compelled to dismantle its colonial empire in the years following the war. This was a particularly traumatic and drawn out process for the French, in Algeria and in Vietnam where they fought prolonged and bitter wars in an attempt to maintain their colonial control.
England and France no longer held a status of power comparable either to the United States or the Soviet Union. The Russian people had suffered immeasurably during the war, and western Russia was devastated by the land warfare which was primarily on Russian territory.
But, in the process of defeating the Germans, the Russians had built a large and powerful army, which occupied most of Eastern Europe at the end of the war. The great resources and population of Russia assured that the Soviet Union would be, along with the United States, one of two super-powers. The depression was brought decisively to an end, and new industrial complexes were built all over the United States. Spared the physical destruction of war, the U.
After 4 years of military buildup, the U. The position of the United States as world leader was now more obvious than ever. How did World War 2 effect the world?
Jewish stop Adolf Hitlier from killing all the Jews because of religious value.
Some of the long-term effects of World War II were the division of Germany into two separate states, the destruction of numerous European and Asian cities, a major realignment of political power into Western and Soviet factions, the creation of the United Nations, a strengthening of corporate power and the beginning of a period of increased prosperity in the United States.
World War II had short-term and long-term effects. One short-term effect was it put an end to the threat posed by the aggressive actions of the governments of Germany, Italy, and Japan. These countries were invading other countries and taking over these lands.
Mar 01, · We investigate long-run effects of World War II on socio-economic status and health of older individuals in Europe. We analyze data from SHARELIFE, a retrospective survey conducted as part of SHARE in Europe in SHARELIFE provides detailed data on events in childhood during and after the war for over 20, individuals in 13 European countries. The long-term effects of World War II were many, and as we discuss them, it is important to remember that the most important effect of the war was the over 50 million people, mostly civilians, who died during it. Long-term effects included the emergence of the United States and the Soviet Union as the world's two predominant superpowers.
I looked at all of the answers, and the one, most lasting, effect of World War II was not even mentioned! It was the doctrine of “Never Again!”, the doctrine of instant readiness, retaliation, and MAD. Before World War II countries had very small standing armies, and readiness for war was dependent on mobilization. World War IZi changed that. Well, peace could be considered easily one of the shortest-term effects of World War 2. From about on, there has been an almost constant state of conflict, somewhere on the globe.