Your thesis will be the main idea presented in your essay. It should encompass the topic and state your point of view on that topic. It should be stated as a complete sentence. Depending on the essay, your thesis statement can be either the opening sentence of the essay itself or the last sentence of the first paragraph. Texting has had a positive impact on the English language as it has helped the millennial generation create their own form of the language. Re-read your source material for items to support your thesis.
Go through your sources and pick out key quotes, statistics, ideas, and facts that support your thesis. As you find them, write them down. You will use these throughout your essay. If you wish to take on a claim by an opponent of your idea, and to poke holes in it, you should also find some ideas or quotes that go against your thesis statement, and plan ways to disprove them. This is called a concession, refutation, or rebuttal, which can strengthen your argument if you do it well.
Outline the structure of your thesis. You can either do this as a formal outline or just plan it in your head, but you need to decide how to present your material for best effect. If you are writing this paper for the AP test, know that the graders will be looking for a specific structure. This structure is as follows : Identification of the issue you will be discussing. Topic sentence that gives one reason to support your thesis. Your explanation and opinion of the topic sentence.
Support from your sources that backs up the claim you just made. Explanation of the significance of the source s. State further significance of your topic from the evidence and reasons you discussed in the essay. A profound thought or thoughtful ending for your paper. Use a more creative structure to present your thesis.
If you are not writing this argumentative synthesis essay for the AP test, you should plan to use a more elaborate structure than the one listed above. You can use one or more of these approaches to develop your essay : This may be a detailed recount, summary, or direct quote from your source material that provides major support for your point of view. You may use more than one example or illustration, if your paper calls for it. You should not, however, make your paper a series of examples at the expense of supporting your thesis.
With this technique, you present an argument opposed to the argument stated in your thesis, then show the weaknesses and flaws of the counter-argument. This format shows your awareness of the opposition and your readiness to answer it.
You present the counter-argument right after your thesis, followed by the evidence to refute it, and end with a positive argument that supports your thesis.
Essays with concessions are structured similar to those using the straw man technique, but they acknowledge the validity of the counter-argument while showing that the original argument is stronger. This structure is good for presenting papers to readers who hold the opposing viewpoint. This structure compares similarities and contrasts differences between two subjects or sources to show the facets of both.
Writing an essay with this structure requires a careful reading of your source material to find both subtle and major points of similarity and difference. This kind of essay can present its arguments source-by-source or by points of similarity or difference.
Create an outline appropriate for a background or review synthesis essay. There are two basic ways to structure these sort of synthesis essays: This structure presents summaries of each of your relevant sources, making a progressively stronger argument for your thesis. It provides specific evidence to support your point of view, but usually omits presenting your own opinions. It's most commonly used for background and review essays.
This is a series of sub-points that flow from the main point of your paper as stated in its thesis. Each reason is supported with evidence. As with the summary method, reasons should become progressively more important, with the most important reason last.
Write your first draft according to your outline. Be prepared to deviate from your plan, however, if you find new ideas and information in your source material that supports your thesis. If you are writing the synthesis for the AP test, you will not have time to write more than one draft, so pace yourself and make it the best it can possibly be.
Write in the third person. Writing in the third person means using "he," "she," "it", and using complete, unambiguous sentences.
Present enough information to show your credibility in the subject of your essay. You should write in the active voice as much as possible, although passive voice is acceptable in circumstances where you would otherwise use first "I" or second person "you". Use transitions between paragraphs to make the text flow logically. Transitions are a great way to show places where your sources support one another: This is the time to strengthen arguments and improve transitions between points and paragraphs.
You should try to make your argument as succinct and easy to follow as possible. It helps to read your essay out loud because when you read out loud, you are more likely to notice awkward sentences or incoherent arguments.
Ask someone else to proofread your paper. Ask a friend or colleague what would they add or remove from the paper. Most importantly, does your argument make sense, and is it clearly supported by your sources?
Read through your paper and look for any grammar, punctuation or spelling errors. Are all of the names and proper nouns spelled correctly?
Are there any run-on sentences or fragments? Correct them as you go. Read the paper aloud to guarantee that you don't accidentally add in or take out words when reading in your head.
If you can, get a friend or classmate to proofread your essay as well. Cite your source material. For most papers, this means using footnotes to cite material in the body of your essay and a bibliography of cited works at the end. Footnotes and in-text citations should be used for any quoted, paraphrased, or cited material. If you are writing this essay for the AP test, you will not be using a specific style of citing but you will have to state which source you used after you cite it.
Example of citing in an AP synthesis essay: For college essays, you'll most likely use MLA format. Whichever format you use, be consistent in its use. You may also be asked to use APA or Chicago style.
Your title should reflect the point of view in your thesis statement and supporting arguments. Choosing your title last helps assure that the title fits your essay instead of writing your essay to fit the title.
English and the iPhone: No, try to avoid "We," "I," "you" or any personal or collective pronouns because then it's not third person or necessarily objective anymore. In most cases the writer's role in the paper doesn't matter at all. Not Helpful 2 Helpful Include evidence that backs the statement up; be sure to refer to other, expert and scholarly sources like websites, books, articles, etc.
You could also start your sentence like this: Then you have proven your statement. The second component has to do with asserting a particular claim about the prompt, and backing it up with selected sources that support it. The third component is constructing the essay in a distinct format, using an introduction, body and conclusion.
And through talking with the texts, a successful synthesis essay will combine several different sources and viewpoints to create a writer's own unique perspective. After you've finished this lesson, you should be able to list and describe the components of writing a synthesis essay. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study. Did you know… We have over college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1, colleges and universities.
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What is a Summary? Writing an Analytical Essay: Rhetorical Devices in The Great Gatsby. Test Prep and Practice. This is a lesson about how to write a synthesis essay, which is an advanced type of writing whereby the writer chooses a topic, asserts a claim, selects and combines sources, then constructs an original, well-written essay.
What is a Synthesis Essay? The process has four major components: Synthesizing sources Composing a thesis or claim Formatting the essay Talking with the texts Let's examine each of these four components in further detail. Synthesizing Sources Before actually writing a synthesis essay, one must follow the pre-writing steps: Understanding the prompt Drafting a tentative thesis Choosing sources Close reading Evaluating sources Understanding the prompt means thinking about the selected topic, then following the instructions accordingly to support your ideas.
Of the six sources you gathered, you determine that Sources 2, 4, and 5 agree with your idea that eating chocolate makes it easier for you to function in high school: Discusses the effect of chocolate on calming the brain and relaxing the heart. Composing a Final Thesis After the pre-writing stages are completed, you are ready to write a final thesis, by aligning the information, main ideas, and interpretations of your sources with the first thesis you drafted during the pre-writing process.
Formatting the Essay A synthesis essay has an introduction, body, and conclusion. However, each of these parts is written in a distinct way: Want to learn more? Select a subject to preview related courses: Talking with the Texts Each teacher might have a different way of explaining how a synthesis essay is constructed. Step-by-step, the writer writes in the following way: See this process in action with this passage: Lesson Summary Writing a synthesis essay has four components: Unlock Your Education See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.
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This is a lesson about how to write a synthesis essay, which is an advanced type of writing whereby the writer chooses a topic, asserts a claim, selects and combines sources, then constructs an original, well-written essay. A quiz will follow.
A synthesis is a written discussion that draws on one or more sources. It follows that your ability to write syntheses depends on your ability to infer relationships among sources - essays, articles, fiction, and also nonwritten sources, .
What Is a Synthesis Essay? Before we jump right into generating ideas and writing your synthesis, it would be pretty useful to know what a synthesis essay actually is, right? When you think about a synthesis essay, you can think of it as being kind of like an argumentative essay. A synthesis is a written discussion incorporating support from several sources of differing views. This type of assignment requires that you examine a variety of sources and identify their relationship to your.
A synthesis essay is one that seeks to bring together information from several sources so that you can make better sense of the subject or better prove a thesis. It is an essay that should allow the reader to not only see what information is available but how the .