Also, in rural areas, there are few enforcement mechanisms, and punishment for factories violating the mandate is minimal, if not nonexistent. Despite, the last statement it seems that every child should have good childhood and opportunity to study, thus the abolishing of child labour is a right decision. Child labour is evaluated negatively despite its quite acceptable forms, developing intelligence and some work skills of a child.
Indeed, the majority of children involved in the process of labour is engaged in hard, dangerous and immoral activity. Observing governmental activity Burton, D. In the traditional perspective of the ILO, child labor must be eradicated from the labor market. Hence, from its establishment, the ILO strategy to combat child labor was to secure international agreements on a minimum working age for children.
During the s and s a series of international treaties covering different sectors urged states to set a minimum working age. In these instruments combined into the Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment.
In India in , the Act on child labour, prohibiting work for children below the age of 14 years who earn their living as domestic servants, staff of various hotels and public entertainment facilities, employees of tea, roadside eateries and restaurants, came into force. The initiator of the new law was Prime Minister of India who was greatly interested in the problem of child labour in his country.
As a result, children are sent to work in the fields, factories and even in the mines. As a compensation state provides to pay subsidies for laid-off children. In total, India has about Observing this problem from the other side Cigno and Rosati presented the next solution for the problem connected with child labour: At stage 0, would-be parents choose the level of birth control. This conditions the probability that a child is born. Stage 1 comes if and when a child is actually born.
At that point, parents decide how much food, attention, and medical care to give each child. Stage 2 occurs if and when a child reaches school age. At that stage, parents decide whether to send their children to school or work, and how much food, education, and medical care each child should get.
Stage-2 decisions determine the stock of human capital and other assets with which the child will enter adult life. Beyond that, decisions will be taken by the children themselves. The decision problem is solved by backward induction. Thinking about responsibilities in the question of child labour it is impossible to say that only government or only corporations that employ children are responsible for the situation that takes place in India.
Many companies always have to balance between their obligations in the sphere of social responsibility and a desire to ensure low production costs. The Government of India is trying to control situation in the sphere of child labour and doing it in India, the company risks to find itself in a situation when one or another link in the network of its suppliers would be able to use child labour. Thus, basing on the above discussed information it is possible to say that the problem of child labour goes into the depth of history in India.
Child labour was considered to be a normal phenomenon in the framework of traditional values. Now the situation is changing to some extent. But, the successes achieved in recent years to expand the access to education and eradication of child labour may be offset under the influence of the current global economic and financial crisis, which threatens further progress in this direction. In conclusion, most studies have indicated that the main cause of child labour is poverty.
Children are forced to work to survive and help their families. Poverty, illiteracy, lack of health care, limited employment opportunities — every of the above numerated factors leads to the exploitation of child labour.
In this case, children as young as five years were forced to work in manufacturing industries under poor working conditions. The introduction of child rights and human rights into the constitution of most countries has slowly curbed child labor. In Britain, for instance, the Factory Acts demands that children not more than ten years should not be allowed to work. Child labor is mainly contributed by poverty. Most parents send their children to work so that they can bring the much needed income.
The practice is common in poor countries. Children are forced to work in sweatshops, factories, fields; mines match factories, and households. On the other hand, children may work as tourist guides and some are sexually abused by tourist. Such cases are common in places like Kelala and Goa. In the current world, more than million children work, most of them in full-time basis.
Majority of these children do not attend school, and are given little time to play. Moreover, they do not get proper parental care or nutrition.
Some developed countries boycott products or goods made by these children. Children should be allowed to enjoy their childhood and should not be allowed to work like adults.
Child labor (alternate spelling: child labour) refers to the employment of children by commercial and business enterprises in ways that are detrimental or exploitative to the overall growth of the child. Short Essay on Child Labor. Category: Essays, Paragraphs and Articles.
By using such essay on Child Labour, students can easily win the essay writing competition because all are written in very easy English language. Child Labour Essay 1 ( words) Child labour is the service paid by .
Mar 18, · Information such as what is the definition of child labor, it’s history, causes, effects, child labor in India, and what are the ways, solutions we can implement to reduce and stop the child labor. This information will help you while writing an essay on child labor or while preparing a speech on child labour/5(4). Child Labor Essay Writing Sample Child labor is a situation where young children are employed to work on firms, homes, hotels, and firms. The practice is common in developing countries but is limited in developed nations where it is considered to be illegal and a violation of human rights.
Problems of childhood and child labour are being actively discussed in domestic and foreign sociological literature. Sociologists and anthropologists examine the history of child labour and the impact of social institutions in it. Free Child Labor papers, essays, and research papers.