Missouri was one of the fifteen slave states when the American Civil War broke out, so Twain grew up amongst the racism, lynch mobs, hangings, and general inhumane oppression of African Americans. He and some friends joined the Confederate side and formed a militia group, the "Marion Rangers", though it disbanded after a few weeks, described in "The Private History of a Campaign That Failed" His article "The War Prayer" "in the churches the pastors preached devotion to flag and country, and invoked the God of Battles beseeching His aid in our good cause" is Twain's condemnation of hypocritical patriotic and religious motivations for war.
It was not published until after his death because of his family's fear of public outrage. Though he never renounced his Presbyterianism, he wrote other irreligious pieces, some included in his collection of short stories Letters From Earth ;. Mark Twain grew to despise the injustice of slavery and any form of senseless violence. Through his works he illuminates the absurdity of humankind, ironically still at times labeled a racist.
Though sometimes caustic, "Of all the creatures that were made he [man] is the most detestable," Autobiography , Vol. II as a gifted public speaker he was a much sought after lecturer. Twain is a master in crafting humorous verse with sardonic wit, and though with biting criticism at times he disarms with his renderings of colloquial speech and unpretentious language. Through the authentic depiction of his times he caused much controversy and many of his works have been suppressed, censored or banned, but even into the Twenty-First Century his works are read the world over by young and old alike.
A prolific lecturer and writer even into his seventy-fourth year, he published more than thirty books, hundreds of essays, speeches, articles, reviews, and short stories, many still in print today.
Situated on the banks of the Mississippi river it would later provide a model for the fictitious town of St. Petersburg in Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer. When Twain's father died in the family was left in financial straits, so eleven year old Samuel left school he was in grade 5 and obtained his first of many jobs working with various newspapers and magazines including the Hannibal Courier as journeyman printer.
After traveling to and working in New York and Philadelphia for a few years he moved back to St. It was here that the lure of the elegant steamboats and festive crowds drew his attention and he became an apprentice 'cub' river pilot under Horace Bixby, earning his license in As a successful pilot plying his trade between St. Louis and New Orleans, Twain also grew to love the second longest river in the world which he describes affectionately in his memoir Life on the Mississippi ;.
An important part of a river pilot's craft is knowing the waters and depths, which, for the mighty Mississippi and her reefs, snags, and mud are ever changing. To 'mark twain' is to sound the depths and deem them safe for passage, the term adopted by Clemens as his pen name in In his brother Henry died in an explosion on the steamboat Pennsylvania.
Life on the river would provide much fodder for Twain's future works that are at times mystical, often sardonic and witty, always invaluable as insight into the human condition. With the outbreak of Civil War in passage on the Mississippi was limited, so at the age of twenty-six Twain moved on from river life to the high desert valley in the silver mining town of Carson City, Nevada with his brother Orion, who had just been appointed Secretary of the Nevada Territory.
He had never traveled out of the state but was excited to venture forth on the stagecoach in the days before railways, described in his semi-autobiographical novel Roughing It In Twain married Olivia 'Livy' Langdon with whom he would have four children. Three died before they reached their twenties but Clara lived to the age of eighty-eight. The Twain's home base was now Hartford, Connecticut, where in Twain built a home, though they traveled often. Hank Morgan, time traveler in A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court reflects Twain's friendship with pioneering inventor and electrical engineer Nikola Tesla and interest in scientific inventions.
Twain also continued to uphold a busy lecture series throughout the United States. In he was awarded an honorary Master of Art degree from Yale University. For some years Twain had lost money in various money making schemes like mining, printing machines, the Charles L.
By , unable to control his debts, he set off on a world lecture tour to Australia, Canada, Ceylon, India, New Zealand, and South Africa to pay them off.
With another successful lecture tour under his belt and now much admired and celebrated for his literary efforts, Mark, Livy and their daughter Jane settled in New York City. Yale University bestowed upon him an honorary Doctor of Letters degree in In he was awarded an honorary Doctor of Letters by Oxford University. While traveling in Italy in , Livy died in Florence. That year he was also a guest of American President Theodore 'Teddy' Roosevelt at the White House and addressed the congressional committee on copyright issues.
He was also working on his biography with Albert Bigelow Paine. His daughter Jane became very sick and was committed to an institution, but died in of an epileptic seizure. In Twain had moved to his home 'Stormfield' in Redding, Connecticut, though he still actively traveled, especially to Bermuda.
Keen observer and dutiful reporter, Twain was born when Halley's Comet was visible in the skies and as he predicted, it was back in the skies when he died. Biography written by C. Merriman for Jalic Inc. Here is an new and exciting Mark Twain project I would like to draw your attention to: Twain, who became a celebrity, experienced many adventures.
The book will be publis Hi, Can anyone tell me where in the works of Mark Twain the phrase "three negroes sitting on the safety valve occurs? Because I am writing a piece about a miner who was killed in having been ordered to sit on the safety valve of the air receiver. I'd like to read more of him he wrote so much and those two books seem to overshadow everything else he wrote that I don't know where to start.
I know his travel essays are supposed to be good as well. Any recommendations would be greatly appreciated Is the story of Mark Twain "The prince and the pauper" true and why?
Can anyone supply me with the unpublished essay Twain wrote on Jane Austen? Here is something Mark Twain said which may surprise us: And besides, it furnished me seven times the pleasure afforded me by any of the others; twelve years of preparation, and two years of writing.
The others needed no preparation and got none. Ok, slavery is abolished, and books about slavery such as Howthorn's are rarely read or known except for the fact that Twain is not. He is widely read which is why I posted this thread to ask this: Why is he widely read although his novels are somewhat all about slavery and adventures? I have this question: Do you feel that using colloquial language was a good idea in such a masterpiece?
Or would you want to read a formal language? If I am to answer this question, I would hail for Mark Twain because the colloquial language made it more realistic and broke the line of fiction.
And that is what made it a masterpiece. I post this thread to know more about you guys' ideas about this story. I think many of you did read this story because its short and easy to read. Not bla bla like classic novel , right: But after reading this story, sth still stuck in my head.
ITs a very simple story about a dog ;of course; this dog told about her thoughts and her life. She rescured her master's baby and then her puppy got killed by master himself. So i think , Mark Twain wanted to point the cruelty of human and the unfair things of this li Please, have you got any ideas that could help me? I am also looking for the general themes in his works - the river Mississippi, slavery, black race Thank all of you for any help!
I'm here working on a paper and was wondering what the theme of Luck is so Ican compare it to my ideas. Any help is apreciated, thanks Please submit a quiz here. Usage Public Domain Mark 1.
Topics librivox , literature , audiobook , mark twain , essays , what is man. LibriVox recording of What is Man? Read by John Greenman. It involves ideas of destiny and free will, as well as of psychological egoism. The Old Man asserted that the human being is merely a machine, and nothing more.
The Young Man objects, and asks him to go into particulars and furnish his reasons for his position. This collection of short stories covers a wide range of Twain's interests: Summary by Wikipedia and John Greenman For further information, including links to M4B audio book, online text, reader information, RSS feeds, CD cover or other formats if available , please go to the LibriVox catalog page for this recording.
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Mark Twain. Biography of Mark Twain and a searchable collection of works. Posted By Austin Butler in Twain, Mark || 10 Replies. please: I have a question , possibly including full books or essays about Mark Twain written by other authors featured on this site. My Mark Twain by W.D. Howells;.
Free Mark Twain papers, essays, and research papers. Mark Twain Source #1 Mark Twain was born on November 30, in the city of Florida, MO. Mark Twain Source #1 Mark Twain died on April 21, in the city of Redding, CT. Mark Twain Source #1 The author was married to Olivia Langdon Clemens.
Mark Twain - What is Man? 5 Pages Words July Saved essays Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly! Mark Twain, the father of American literature, was a prominent figure in the writing world. He used realism in his works and created American based tales drawn from his own life and experiences. It can also be said that Twain was a humorist.