Every stage of your research needs to be explained and justified with clear information on why you chose those particular methods, and how they help you answer your research question or purpose. As the Authors, in this section you get to explain the rationale of your article for other Researchers.
You should focus on answering the following questions:. The responses to these questions should be clear and precise, and the answers should be written in past tense. Research Methodology refers the discussion regarding the specific methods chosen and used in a research paper. This discussion also encompasses the theoretical concepts that further provide information about the methods selection and application.
In other words, you should highlight how these theoretical concepts are connected with these methods in a larger knowledge framework and explain their relevance in examining the purpose, problem and questions of your study.
A Research Method represents the technical steps involved in conducting the research. Details about the methods focus on characterizing and defining them, but also explaining your chosen techniques, and providing a full account on the procedures used for selecting, collecting and analyzing the data. The methodology section is very important for the credibility of your article and for a professional academic writing style.
Readers, academics and other researchers need to know how the information used in your academic article was collected. The research methods used for collecting or generating data will influence the discoveries and, by extension, how you will interpret them and explain their contribution to general knowledge.
This type of data is already available, in different forms, from a variety of sources. External secondary data research — represents a study that uses existing data on a certain research subject from government statistics, published market research reports from different organizations, international agencies such as IMF, World Bank, etc. Primary data Primary data represent data originated for the specific purpose of the study, with its research questions.
The methods vary on how Authors and Researchers conduct an experiment, survey or study, but, in general, it uses a particular scientific method. This type of study uses deductive reasoning and established theories as a foundation for the hypotheses that will be tested and explained. Qualitative research or interpretative research focuses on analytically disclosing certain practices or behaviors, and then showing how these behaviors or practices can be grouped or clustered to lead to observable outcomes.
This type of research is more subjective in nature, and requires careful interpretation of the variables. Readers need to understand how the information was gathered or generated in a way that is consistent with research practices in a field of study. For instance, if you are using a multiple choice survey, the readers need to know which questionnaire items you have examined in your primary quantitative research.
Similarly, if your academic article involves secondary data from FED or Eurostat it is important to mention the variables used in your study, their values, and their time-frame. For primary research, that involve surveys, experiments or observations, for a valuable academic article, Authors should provide information about:. One of the important characteristics of a good research is that the purpose of the research is clearly defined. A research study with clearly defined purpose finds a wider acceptance and acknowledgement within the research community.
Second important characteristic of a good research is that the research method should be defined in a clear manner with sufficient detail. This will allow the repetition of the study in future for further advancement, while maintaining the continuity of what has been done in the past. The third thing to remember is that any limitations and assumptions made by the researcher during the course of the study should be clearly highlighted in the research. This will support the findings of the research study, in case someone tries to validate the study findings.
The fourth thing to remember is that, as far as possible, the research design should be planned in a way that the results generated are as objective as possible.
This will provide an easier understanding about the findings of the research. Another thing to be considered by the researcher is that there should be sufficient data to investigate the research topic.
And the researcher should carefully check the reliability and validity of the data. Further, in order to deliver a good research, a researcher should confine the conclusions to those justified by the data.
Lastly, a good research depends a great deal on the integrity and commitment of the researcher.
Writing a good research methodology means providing an accurate, detailed accounting of the methods and procedures that were used in the study or the experiment. Specifics about participants, materials, design and methods must be included.
Combined, a good research methodology is a technique of collecting data systematically. In this following Penlighten article, we will provide the readers with certain tips that they can use for going about the process of writing a good research methodology.
For this aspect that characterizes a good research methodology, indicate how the research approach fits with the general study, considering the literature review outline and format, and the following sections. The methods section describes actions to be taken to investigate a research problem and the rationale for the application of specific procedures or techniques used to identify, select, process, and analyze information applied to understanding the problem, thereby, allowing the reader to critically evaluate a study’s overall validity and reliability.
The research question, ethics, budget and time are all major considerations in any design.. This is before looking at the statistics required, and studying the preferred methods for the individual scientific discipline.. Every experimental design must make compromises and generalizations, so the researcher must try to minimize these, whilst . Every research study, irrespective of its type, should meet some criterions so that it can be classified as good research. Let us discuss some of these criterions. One of the important characteristics of a good research is that the purpose of the research .