Competition for jobs with established newspapers and magazines will be particularly strong. Editors plan, coordinate, and revise material for publication in books, newspapers, magazines, or websites.
Editors review story ideas and decide what material will appeal most to readers. During the review process, editors offer comments to improve the product, and suggest titles and headlines. In smaller organizations, a single editor may perform all of the editorial duties or share them with only a few other people.
Copy editors proofread text for errors in grammar, punctuation, and spelling and check for readability, style, and agreement with editorial policy. They suggest revisions, such as changing words and rearranging sentences and paragraphs to improve clarity or accuracy. They also may carry out research, confirm sources, and verify facts, dates, and statistics. In addition, they may arrange page layouts of articles, photographs, and advertising. Publication assistants who work for book-publishing houses may read and evaluate manuscripts, proofread uncorrected drafts, and answer questions about published material.
Assistants on small newspapers or in smaller media markets may compile articles available from wire services or the Internet, answer phones, and proofread articles. Assistant editors are responsible for a particular subject, such as local news, international news, feature stories, or sports. Most assistant editors work for newspaper publishers, television broadcasters, magazines, book publishers, or advertising and public relations firms.
Executive editors oversee assistant editors and generally have the final say about what stories are published and how they are covered.
Executive editors typically hire writers , reporters , and other employees. Although many executive editors work for newspaper publishers, some work for television broadcasters, magazines, or advertising and public relations firms.
Managing editors typically work for magazines, newspaper publishers, and television broadcasters, and are responsible for the daily operations of a news department. They often use desktop or electronic publishing software, scanners, and other electronic communications equipment to produce their material.
Jobs are somewhat concentrated in major media and entertainment markets—Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, and Washington, DC—but improved communications and Internet capabilities are allowing editors to work from a greater variety of locations.
Overseeing and coordinating multiple writing projects simultaneously is common among editors and may lead to stress or fatigue. Self-employed editors face the added pressures of finding work on an ongoing basis and continually adjusting to new work environments.
Most editors work full time, and their schedules are generally determined by production deadlines and the type of editorial position. Editors typically work in busy offices and have to deal with production deadline pressures and the stresses of ensuring that the information they publish is accurate.
As a result, editors often work many hours, especially at those times leading up to a publication deadline. These work hours can be even more frequent when an editor is working on digital material for the Internet or for a live broadcast. About 1 in 5 editors worked more than 40 hours per week in They also prefer candidates who have experience in a few types of media, such as newspapers, social media, and television.
Candidates with other backgrounds who can show strong writing skills also may find jobs as editors. Editors who deal with specific subject matter may need previous related work experience.
For example, fashion editors may need expertise in fashion that they gain through formal training or work experience. Many editors start off as editorial assistants, writers , or reporters. Those who are particularly skilled at identifying good stories, recognizing writing talent, and interacting with writers may be interested in editing jobs. Editors also can gain experience by working on high school and college newspapers, and for magazines, radio and television stations, advertising and publishing companies, or nonprofit organizations.
Magazines and newspapers also have internships for students. For example, the American Society of Magazine Editors offers a Magazine Internship Program to qualified full-time students in their junior or senior year of college. Interns may write stories, conduct research and interviews, and gain general publishing experience. The ability to use computers is necessary for editors to stay in touch with writers and other editors. Familiarity with electronic publishing, graphics, Web design, social media, and multimedia production is also important, because more content is being offered online.
Some editors hold management positions and must make decisions related to running a business. For them, advancement generally means moving up to publications with larger circulation or greater prestige. Copy editors may move into original writing or substantive editing positions, or become freelancers. Editors must be creative, curious, and knowledgeable in a broad range of topics. Some editors must regularly come up with interesting story ideas and attention-grabbing headlines.
Editors must decide if certain stories are ethical or if there is enough evidence to report them. In working with writers, editors must have tact and the ability to guide and encourage them in their work.
Editors must ensure that all written content has correct grammar, punctuation, and syntax. Editors must write clearly and logically. All Occupations includes all occupations in the U. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. In May , the median annual wages for editors in the top industries in which they worked were as follows:.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections program. Employment of editors is projected to show little or no change from to , as print media continues to face strong pressure from online publications.
Despite some job growth for editors in online media, the number of traditional editing jobs in print newspapers and magazines is declining and will temper employment growth. Competition for jobs with established newspapers and magazines will be particularly strong because employment in the publishing industry is projected to decline.
Editors who have adapted to online media and are comfortable writing for and working with a variety of electronic and digital tools will have an advantage in finding work. Although the way in which people consume media is changing, editors will continue to add value by reviewing and revising drafts and keeping the style and voice of a publication consistent. The Occupational Employment Statistics OES program produces employment and wage estimates annually for over occupations.
These estimates are available for the nation as a whole, for individual states, and for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. The link s below go to OES data maps for employment and wages by state and area. All state projections data are available at www. Information on this site allows projected employment growth for an occupation to be compared among states or to be compared within one state.
CareerOneStop includes hundreds of occupational profiles with data available by state and metro area. The top editor at many publications may be known as the chief editor , executive editor , or simply the editor. A frequent and highly regarded contributor to a magazine may acquire the title of editor-at-large or contributing editor.
Mid-level newspaper editors often manage or help to manage sections, such as business, sports and features. In the book publishing industry, editors may organize anthologies and other compilations, produce definitive editions of a classic author's works scholarly editor , and organize and manage contributions to a multi-author book symposium editor or volume editor.
Obtaining manuscripts or recruiting authors is the role of an acquisitions editor or a commissioning editor in a publishing house. Copy editors correct spelling , grammar and align writings to house style. Changes to the publishing industry since the s have resulted in nearly all copy editing of book manuscripts being outsourced to freelance copy editors. At newspapers and wire services , copy editors write headlines and work on more substantive issues, such as ensuring accuracy, fairness, and taste.
In some positions, they design pages and select news stories for inclusion. They may choose the layout of the publication and communicate with the printer. These editors may have the title of layout or design editor or more so in the past makeup editor. Within the publishing environment, editors of scholarly books are of three main types, each with particular responsibilities:. In the case of multi-author edited volumes , before the manuscript is delivered to the publisher it has undergone substantive and linguistic editing by the volume's editor, who works independently of the publisher.
As for scholarly journals , where spontaneous submissions are more common than commissioned works, the position of journal editor or editor-in-chief replaces the acquisitions editor of the book publishing environment, while the roles of production editor and copy editor remain.
However, another editor is sometimes involved in the creation of scholarly research articles. Called the authors' editor , this editor works with authors to get a manuscript fit for purpose before it is submitted to a scholarly journal for publication.
The primary difference between copy editing scholarly books and journals and other sorts of copy editing lies in applying the standards of the publisher to the copy.
Technical editing involves reviewing text written on a technical topic, identifying usage errors and ensuring adherence to a style guide.
Technical editing may include the correction of grammatical mistakes, misspellings, mistyping, incorrect punctuation, inconsistencies in usage, poorly structured sentences, wrong scientific terms, wrong units and dimensions, inconsistency in significant figures, technical ambivalence, technical disambiguation, statements conflicting with general scientific knowledge, correction of synopsis, content, index, headings and subheadings, correcting data and chart presentation in a research paper or report, and correcting errors in citations.
Large companies dedicate experienced writers to the technical editing function. Organizations that cannot afford dedicated editors typically have experienced writers peer-edit text produced by less experienced colleagues. It helps if the technical editor is familiar with the subject being edited.
The "technical" knowledge that an editor gains over time while working on a particular product or technology does give the editor an edge over another who has just started editing content related to that product or technology. But essential general skills are attention to detail, the ability to sustain focus while working through lengthy pieces of text on complex topics, tact in dealing with writers, and excellent communication skills.
Editing is a growing field of work in the service industry. Paid editing services may be provided by specialized editing firms or by self-employed freelance editors. Editing firms may employ a team of in-house editors, rely on a network of individual contractors or both. The services provided by these editors may be varied and can include proofreading , copy editing , online editing , developmental editing , editing for search engine optimization SEO , etc.
Self-employed editors work directly for clients e. They may specialize in a type of editing e.
A frequent and highly regarded contributor to a magazine may acquire the title of editor-at-large or contributing editor. Mid-level newspaper editors often manage or help to manage sections, such as business, sports and features. editors. Editing firms may employ a team of in-house editors, rely on.
Students interested in a career as a newspaper editor usually need, at minimum, an associate's degree. While a 2-year degree from a community college can be enough for entry into the newspaper.
The editor-in-chief is ultimately responsible for all aspects of the news operation -- the content of the paper, the play of stories on the front page, staffing, hiring and budgets. The editor's involvement with the day-to-day running of . The News Editor is one of the most important persons who plan a daily newspaper. His role in any newspaper office-whether it be weekly or daily-is all pervading. To a national newspaper an active.
city editor - the newspaper editor in charge of editing local news editor, editor in chief - a person responsible for the editorial aspects of publication; the person who determines the final content of a text (especially of a newspaper or magazine). Search CareerBuilder for Newspaper Editor Jobs and browse our platform. Apply now for jobs that are hiring near you.