Lenin died in , and within five years Stalin had total control of the party. His first act was to extinguish Lenin's New Economic Policy NEP —intended to introduce a limited amount of free trade to the Soviet system in order to revive the economy after the civil war—and replace it with his own policy of collectivization, which nationalized the agricultural industry.
Collectivization was an unmitigated disaster: With agricultural production cut in half, mass famine ensued, and at least three to ten million peasants died of starvation.
Stalin denied blame for the failure of collectivization, accusing others of misunderstanding his directives. His other major goal was to introduce widespread industrialization to the USSR, in order to move the country from an agriculture-based to an industry-based economy. In this he succeeded—initiating the machinery that would eventually make the Soviet Union a superpower nation—in large part because of the slave labor provided by the millions of Soviet citizens imprisoned in the gulags.
Around Stalin launched the period that would be known as the Great Terror. Throughout the s about one million old Bolshevik party members those who had taken part in the pre-Stalin revolutionary era and countless millions of citizens were accused of sabotage, treason, and espionage and were arrested, tortured, and either executed or sent to the gulags. This massive effort to ensure Stalin's absolute power was called "purging. Defendants were accused of treason and other trumped-up charges and were always found guilty.
The Pact included secret plans for the two leaders to control the European territories each considered essential to his country's expansion. But when Germany invaded Poland in September of that year, Stalin sought to increase the Soviet Union's presence in western Europe by invading Finland in November; Finland surrendered, and in June of Hitler broke his Pact with Stalin and invaded the Soviet Union, which, because of the military purgings, suffered devastating losses for nearly two years.
Historians are divided over the degree of Stalin's success as a military commander during the German invasion. Many blame the huge Soviet losses on his increasing paranoia and megalomania. Nonetheless, the Red Army did hold off the Germans until they surrendered in After the war Stalin moved quickly to seize control of Eastern European countries to create the Soviet bloc.
Scott was in no position to know what they were up to. He argues that workers were able to use the rise of the purges to control management of the factories, their superiors were put in prison. Scott recalls that some arrests created opportunity for social mobility and shows how the arrests created fear and protests.
Conquest believes that Stalin was to blame for the purges. Its a point of view rather than based upon evidence and is based on his assertions rather than fact. He gives descriptions of what happened in Magnitogorsk. He was writing about how the Purges members who were trying to be seen as revolutionaries but ended up as dictatorial. The revolution in October of was the result of many factors, both long and short term. However, the role of Lenin was crucial. Many would say that without his leadership of the revolutionaries and actions in , there never would have been a revolution, but just how true is this?
How important was Lenin? In , when Lenin was only seventeen years old, his Could the Bolshevik Revolution have taken place without the participation of the founder and perpetual leader of the Bolsheviks? Really, the question seems too silly to ask.
Lenin's fingerprints are all over the October insurrection. However, it is not logically inconceivable that a popular uprising could have taken place against the Provisional Government without the aid of Lenin or his party. It will be contended Lenin had a great impact on Russia and the Russian people with his variety of policies and events that took place during his reign.
Any events or policies had both short and long term effects for everyone. As heavy industry developed, agriculture was to be collectivized. In , collectivization began. There would be no more individual farms, and no more individual farmers selling their goods independently.
The farmers were required to hand over a certain amount of produce to the state each year. The young, large-scale, socialized agriculture, growing now even faster than big industry, had a great future and could show miracles of growth. Collectivization was mainly directed against the kulaks, which were the rich peasants who owned their own land. Basically, Stalin would take land from the people who had owned it since Many peasants were forced to work for the state as a part of a collective commune.
Some peasants and many kulaks resisted collectivization. They slaughtered their own cattle rather than to turn it over to the government. On the collective farms, peasants would be paid wages in return for handing over the produce to the government.
In , the Soviet Union joined the League of Nations and made diplomatic agreements. Before WW2, both the axis powers and the democracies realized that the balance of power in Europe depended of which side Russia joined.
If they joined Britain and France, Hitler would be forced to fight a two-front war. Both sides entered negotiations with Russia, but Stalin and communist Russia had been distrusted by both sides in the past. On August 23, , Stalin and Hitler signed a non-aggression treaty. This Nazi-Soviet pact was shocking to all countries, but Russia had stated that it was for national self-interest only.
Stalin, Joseph (Born Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili) Soviet dictator. Stalin led the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics as absolute dictator for twenty-four years.
Free stalin papers, essays, and research papers. Stalin's Worldview and the Application of Communism - Introduction This essay investigates to what extent Josef Stalin’s personal and political worldviews shape and reflect his application of Communism.
But in spite of his cruel methods, Joseph Stalin deserves the title of the ‘Father of the USSR’, for industrializing the country, collectivizing its agriculture and making the Soviet Union more active in international affairs. - This essay will compare the three leaders who are famous for their dictatorship and totalitarianism during the 30's decade-Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini and Joseph Stalin.
Feb 03, · Soviet Union Leader: Joseph Stalin Essay Words | 5 Pages Joseph Stalin’s three decade long dictatorship rule that ended in , left a lasting, yet damaging imprint on the Soviet Union in political, economic and social terms. Joseph Stalin was born Joseph Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili on Dec 21st in Gori, Georgia of the Soviet Union to Vissarion (Beso) and Ekaterina Dzhugashvili. His .