A variety of methods can be used to carry out epidemiological investigations: Such methods as surveillance and descriptive studies can be used to study distribution.
While analytical studies are used to analyze determinants. The two main methods that can be used to carry out epidemiological research are descriptive studies and analytical studies. A descriptive study describes characteristics of group of people who suffer or does not suffer certain illnesses, and also revealing those who are at risk of developing the illness. Conversely, analytical epidemiology focuses on the determinant of health problems, and tends to establish why and how the conditions occur.
Epidemiological studies can be used in various ways such as conducting studies of health related behaviors; investigation of relationships between social conditions and vulnerability with chronic conditions, infections, and violence; and of course, examination and researching of health services. In one of the studies, the incidence of childhood was determined by means of body mass index BMI measures of fifth, seventh, and ninth grader public school children LAC Department of Public Health, The study also considered definition of cities and communities within Los Angeles County.
The researchers found that the rate of obesity in school age children have continued to rise steadily. According to the report, Los Angeles County has seen an alarming steady increase in the percentage of the children in the fifth, seventh, and ninth graders who are obese-from Percent in to The prevalence of school obesity in the county is noted as follows: Although there is evidence that the figures have stabilized in the past two years, the percentage of children who are obese is still unacceptably high at Another study also revealed that the prevalence of obesity in children varied significantly among cities and communities — from a low 4 percent in Manhattan Beach to a high 37 percent in Maywood, which was attributed to economic hardship LAC Department of Public Health, Information on birth, death, medical and health records are not available The epidemiological triangle is a model used by scientist to develop studies about health problems, the triangle allows for investigation and understanding of diseases and how they are spread.
The general belief that health status is multi factorial gives us the chance to apply scientific methods in a variety of circumstances.
There are three corners in the triangle and they are comprises of the host, the agent and the environment. The carrier or human body that harbors the diseases is known as the host.
The host can be influenced by many factors like age, gender, race and behavior. Any factor whether physical, chemical, or biological in nature, whose presence or relative absence is necessary in the occurrence of a disease process is the agent. The aggregate of all external conditions and influences affecting life and development in this case is known as the environment. This includes physical, biological, and socio-cultural factors that causes or partake in disease transmission. Relative to childhood obesity, children between the age of six and fifteen years of age represents the host while the excessive calories intake from foods and beverages represents the agent.
If children only eat sweets every now and then, it truly will be a treat. Children and teens should participate in physical activities for at least 60 minutes a day. Schools also play a big part in preventing childhood obesity. Schools can provide healthy meals for lunch that provide nutrition education that encourages a healthy lifestyle. So, to stay healthy, start a healthy lifestyle and get active! Which of your works would you like to tell your friends about?
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More by this author Follow madelynclaire. I like this 0. Saving the World, One Tampon at a Time. Parents must therefore develop a strategy of ensuring their children are active enough and not lazy as such. Schools in the United Sates are also expected to create awareness and education on how to prevent obesity by staying and eating healthy.
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Causes The major cause of obesity in children and adolescence is eating too much and having limited exercise.
Exercise and Childhood Obesity Obesity is an epidemic growing at alarming rates, not only in the United States, but also all over the world. There are many possible causes for childhood obesity but 99% of the time the problem is inactivity/5(13).
Essay on Childhood Obesity (Essay Sample) 1. Surname 1 Type of paper: Essay Citation style: MLA Pages: 4 Sources: 5 Level: Undergraduate Surname Instructor Course Date Childhood Obesity Introduction Childhood obesity has gained a lot of attention in the recent years especially the 21st century.
Childhood obesity is a major concern for parents, teachers, and the medical community with differing philosophies and theories on causes and prevention. Inactivity, genetics, technology and parenting attitudes and beliefs are . Consequently, depression is more often experienced by obese children. Further, aside from the emotional effect, there are more serious health related issues afflicted with obesity such as heart disease and juvenile diabetes. The argument with regard to child nutritional problems, particularly being overweight, can be managed.
- Video Mediums and Childhood Obesity Childhood Obesity has now reached a critical level. The main reason for the growing number of obese children is inactivity. With obesity in children being related to many health issues, it is important that we not only stop the rise in childhood obesity, but reverse it. The epidemic of childhood obesity is quickly growing throughout U.S. In just two decades, the frequency of overweight United States children ages 6 to 11 has doubled up. Obesity has been related to several disorders and conditions in adolescences, such as diabetes, heart disease and cancer.