In the 17th and 18th centuries, France was ruled by an absolute government. The king had all the political powers. Anyone who criticized the government could be arrested and put in prison without trial.
He was more interested in hunting than governing France. They did not really care about the state of their country. The excerpt from the cahiers mentioned in document 3 shows that the votes in the assembly were not taken by head. The people of the 3rd estate felt a sense of betrayal when the king supported the block voting over the head voting. The first two estates worked together to outvote the large third estate to keep them from becoming a threat to the power.
Lord Acton, an Englishmen, states that the monarchy being overthrown wasn't the spark of the Revolution. He recognizes the American Independence as the spark of the French Revolution. The French government was inefficient, unjust and corrupt.
There were numerous government departments, different laws in different parts of the country and officials. Many people became livid at the way France was governed. The people couldn't do anything to bring about a change. The French Parlement was called the Estates-General.
It had not met since and couldn't without the consent of the king. It basically had no power. The economic problems created by the French kings also contributed to the Revolution. During the 18th century, the French government spent more money than it collected in taxes. By , the country was bankrupt.
Arthur Young, an Englishmen and observer, who traveled to France from to angrily describes the living conditions of the peasants in his book Travels in France. In seven pages this research paper compares these two French revolutions militarily, politically, and how social programs were aff His mother, however, made the actual decisions regarding the country until her de In five pages these revolutions are contrasted and compared in terms of their causes and the outcomes which resulted.
The first most privileged Estate was for about 2 percent of the entire population. At the end of scholastic influence era, the power of Church was unrestricted. Therefore, it is naturally that it took the first one. As for corresponding benefits, the Estate was out of tax duty. Moreover, the Church was authorized for income tithe claiming. The second Estate was nobility. As well as Church, this class was free from taxes.
At the era of feudal relations, the power of it was gathered around lands earning. The main sources of incomes was land rent and payments for land exploitation.
As the land was the basis of producing relations, it is naturally that its owners were the richest people of that times. The rest of population was the third Estate, so called bourgeoisie. Logically that this class had to take entire tax burden and its status was incredibly contrast to two previous Estates. Therefore, it is not surprising that depressed majority took actions for equality establishment. Obviously, it left aside first two Estates.
Actually, the unequal values distribution became one of the key factors which caused poetry of more than 95 percent of population.
In addition, we are capable to outline intensive wars which required embedding of financial resources. Low harvest is also worth to be considered.
All these factors led to large financial crisis in the second half of 18th century. It is clear that it influenced the bourgeoisie Estate only with increased taxes and duties it had to pay.
Furthermore, price rise was one more confusing economic reality. As the result, the hunger was spread among lowest class throughout the whole France. The Spirit of Changes. No doubt that poetry and inequality were essential features, but what led to common indignation awakening? The spirit of changes is the only reasonable explanation.
In fact, it includes two main points — Enlightenment and American war for Independence. The effect of first is much more significant for French Revolution considerably. The Enlightenment era is known as the kind of intellectual movement based on rationalism and free thinking. Actually, it has generated the foundation of civil society and democracy which we allowed to appreciate today.
In addition, this movement is the primary source of political freedom, idea of state as a self-governing republic, religious tolerance, market-based mechanisms, capitalism, the scientific method etc.. The most influential thinkers were Montesquieu, Voltaire, Rousseau, Didro. Their works were spread among bourgeoisie what led to new common mind forming. In this order, humanity encouraged to assert that the spirit of changes became motive force to revolution. So, the most significant causes of French Revolution were outlined.
It is absolutely clear that France has passed several stages while revolution: National Assembly establishment, the Reign of Terror etc.. Obviously, each of them had own unique impact. However, there is the assignment to find out key effects which summed up 12 years of revolutionary movement. Still, there are several points incredibly valued with far-reaching significance. Republic and nationalism establishment. After Revolution, France became the largest European republic state of that times.
From that moment, the power of individuals was significantly limited as well as church was prohibited with its influence. Instead of monarch ruling, France experienced three branches of power establishment, which was promoted by Montesquieu before. Global influence of France republic is found out through democratic institutions establishment: The Nationalism is another far-reaching effect.
The Declaration of Rights proclaimed that the France belongs to its citizens. This gave the birth of common strong proud of French history, language, culture, heritage among its citizens Padbury , 2. It is important that Nationalism was widely adopted all around the world as well as republic state establishments. The greatest value of new society fundamentals was in theirs law protection.
While and after the revolution, several world influential laws were enacted.
The French Revolution of had many long-range causes. Political, social, and economic conditions in France contributed to the discontent felt by many French people-especially those of the third estate. The ideas of the intellectuals of the Enlightenment brought new views to government and society.
Causes of the French Revolution Essay - Causes of the French Revolution The French Revolution happened in France around the period (although these dates are disputed by historians), and resulted in the overthrow of the French monarchy and the Ancien Régime (the system of government).
The American Revolution also influenced the coming of the French Revolution. The Philosophes planted the seeds for the French Revolution. Their goals were to expose and destroy the inequalities of the ancient regime (old order). The political discontent of France was one of the causes of the Revolution. Causes of the French Revolution The French Revolution, which started in , had a variety of different causes. The social structures of France along with the changing demographics are one of these causes. Lack of power to act by the king along with new “Enlightened” ideas were .
The French Revolution was an event of great importance in the world history. It pursued certain goals and even achieved some of them. Its ideas have got development all over the world and influenced further events in the human history. Causes of the French Revolution The French Revolution was an epoch of great political and social change in the late eighteenth century. Within this time period, France underwent a drastic change as Enlightenment ideas swept through the nation, redefining the government and social life of the French with ideals such as liberty, equality, and fraternity.4/4(1).