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2: Learn how to write a novel outline

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Feel free to rewrite certain sentences, paragraphs, or even chapters if you feel it will enhance your story. Topic Selection You must have read many books throughout your life. Below is a list of possible topics for a novel: It can last from a couple of days or a couple of weeks; the trick is to quit thinking about the novel for a while. Let your brain rest—switch to other activities. A story ground out is usually not satisfactory. Also, when you feel stuck, you can use brainstorming techniques to provide yourself with several new ideas.

Novels usually fall into the category of literary and commercial works. Classical stories renowned worldwide are usually called literary novels. They are characterized by intense sentiments, deep themes, meanings and symbolism, and complex literary devices. Commercial novels are usually written for the entertainment of the target audience, and aimed to sell a lot of copies.

Many novels of this category follow predictable story lines and are exploiting certain heroic archetypes of the main characters. However, there are plenty of crossover novels which both sell a lot of copies and are original and deep in meaning.

The world you create within your novel should be inhabited not only by the main protagonists, but with other characters as well, even if they are simply the crowd.

Each time you return to the written text, you will be able to see drawbacks that could be corrected, think of a more appropriate word, or find any other way to improve the text. Do try to make conversations sound natural. Dialogues between the main characters often become a problem for amateur writers; conversations may sound unnatural, they can be too mannered, far-fetched, or supersaturated with details.

To compose correct dialogues, pay more attention to the way people speak on the streets. Do show your work to other people. Your friends, relatives, or other people you trust can always cheer you up, inspire you, help you with advice, or give constructive criticism.

Do set a daily limit for yourself and stick to it. Writing has a lot to do with discipline, so make writing your novel a regular exercise. You will hardly ever invent new material in literature, considering the thousands years of its history, but it is better to come up with your own unoriginal idea than to steal it. If you run into a field about which you have insufficient knowledge, you should find information about it. Ask an expert for FREE. Popular Questions Thesis statement and compare contrast essay asked by Admin What is a good thesis statement against euthanasia asked by Anonymous Gender stereotypes persuasive essay asked by Admin Which of the following would best work as the title of an explanatory essay?

Samples for Writing a Novel A gray-tailed hawk had been swiveling in a circle around an encampment of cows, gliding on the colder winds of an oncoming monsoon. Ishan watched its feather tips keenly as they swayed in and out of air currents, curious at the grace of such an imposing pr When they woke up after the sun had risen, dew was spread over their cloths, cooling them in the semi-warm morning. The dew reminded Sati of the monsoons that were to come soon—they always had enjoyed the rain as a gift from God.

In Vatsala, the liveliho Login Username Password or login with. Register Username Email Is English your native language? Yes No What is your profession? Student Teacher Writer Other or login with. When you start writing, make time to write every day, even if you don't feel like it. Set small goals to keep yourself motivated as you write, especially as you work on your first draft.

For tips on how to revise your first draft and how to show your work to other people, keep reading! Featured Articles Writing Novels. Quick Summary If you want to write a novel, first decide when your story happens, where the characters live, and how those settings will influence them.

Did this summary help you? Sample Short Novel Excerpt. Writing a novel is a creative process , and you never know when a good idea might come to you. Carry a notebook and a pen so you can jot down ideas wherever you go. You might feel inspired by something you hear on your morning commute, or while daydreaming in a coffee shop. You never know when you'll be inspired, so you should keep your eyes and ears open wherever you go.

Don't wait for inspiration to come to you. Writing is kind of like digestion — there won't be output if there's no input. For example, you know when you get an idea out of absolutely nowhere, while you're doing something totally irrelevant to your idea? That's when you observe something, let it slip into your subconscious where it gets processed, and at some point, returns back to your conscious.

In some instances, these are some of the best resources for ideas — the spontaneity of these ideas can really help to develop rich irony or exciting twists and turns in your story. Being a writer, you need constant inspiration.

Sometimes, writers find it difficult to have ideas popping in their head. All writers face this problem, and the best medicine is inspiration. It doesn't necessarily have to be a book — it can be a TV show, a movie or even travelling to an exhibition or art gallery.

Inspiration comes in infinite forms! Use your notebook to write fragments, paragraphs, or even sentences, that will become part of a more complete story. Think about all of the stories you've been told — stories passed down from your great-grandmother, a story that fascinated you on the news, or even a ghost story from your childhood that has stuck with you.

Consider a moment from your childhood or past that stuck with you. It could be the mysterious death of a woman in your town, your old neighbor's obsession with pet ferrets, or a the trip you took to London that you can't stop thinking about. For example, the ice scene in One Hundred Years Of Solitude was based on the author's own boyhood experience. People say that you should "write what you know.

Not every novel fits neatly into a certain category, but it's helpful to think about your intended genre and audience as you begin planning your work. Read all of the major works that fall into your chosen genre to get a good understanding of how to construct a novel according to the standards of your chosen genre. And if you haven't completely decided on one genre or are working in more than one genre, then it's no problem — it's more important to be aware of what tradition you're working in than to stick to one specific genre or category.

Consider the following options: Literary novels are intended to be works of art, complete with deep themes, symbolism, and complex literary devices. Read classic works by the great novelists and refer to helpful lists like The Guardian's " Greatest Novels of All Time". Commercial novels are intended to entertain audiences and sell a lot of copies. They are divided into many genres, including science fiction, mysteries, thrillers, fantasies, romances, and historical fiction, among others.

Many novels in these genres follow predictable formulas and are written in long series. There is plenty of crossover between literary and commercial novels. Many writers of science fiction, fantasies, thrillers, and so on create novels just as complex and meaningful as writers of novels that are classically "literary".

Just because a novel sells well does not mean it isn't a work of art and vice versa. Whatever genre you like or choose to focus on, you should read as many novels as possible within that genre if you haven't already. This will give you a better sense of the tradition you'll be working in — and how you can add to or challenge that tradition. Part of doing research see below for more on research means reading other novels in your genre or tradition.

For example, if you're writing a novel set in World War II told from a French perspective, read other novels about this topic. How will your novel be different from the rest? Once you've decided which genre or genres to write within, start dreaming up a setting for your novel.

This goes beyond the particular city where your characters will dwell; you've got an entire universe to dream up.

The setting you create will determine the mood and tone of your novel, and will affect the problems your characters will face. Think about these questions as you sketch out the parameters of the new world you're creating: Will it be loosely based on places that are familiar to you in real life? Will it be set in the present, or in some other time?

Will it take place on Earth, or somewhere imaginary? Will it be centered in one city or neighborhood, or expanded to a range of locations? What kind of society does it take place in? What is the governmental and social structure?

Will it take place over the course of a month, a year, or decades? Will the world be cast in shadows, or will it inspire optimism? The most important character of your novel will be your protagonist, who should be fleshed out with recognizable personality traits and thought patterns. Protagonists don't necessarily have to be likable, but they are usually relatable in some way so that readers stay interested in the story. One of the joys of reading fiction is recognizing yourself and living vicariously through your favorite characters.

Your protagonist and other characters don't have to be likable, but do have to be interesting. Like Lolita' s Humbert Humbert, the character can be despicable — as long as he is fascinating. Your novel also doesn't have to have just one protagonist. You can have multiple characters that engage the readers and engage each other harmoniously or through conflict, and you can even play around with telling the story from multiple points of view.

Your world should be populated with other characters too. Think about who will interact with your protagonist, serving as either friends or foils. You don't have to know exactly who will populate your novel before you begin.

As you write, you may find that your real protagonist is actually one of the minor characters you created, or you may find new characters creeping up where you didn't expect them to be. Many novelists describe thinking of their characters as real people, asking themselves what the characters would do in a given situation and doing their best to stay "true" to the characters. Your characters should be so well-developed in your mind that it feels natural to help them navigate your fictional world.

This step could either make or break your novel. Many times do novels have good characters, but not a good plot.

If you do not do this right then it will drive your readers away. A common theme in designing a plot is to create conflict. Most novels, regardless of genre, have some sort of conflict. Tension builds until the problem comes to a climax, and then it's resolved in some way. This doesn't mean novels always have happy endings; it's more about providing motivations for the characters' actions and creating a vehicle for change and meaning across the span of your novel.

There is no set formula for the plot of a perfect novel. Though one traditional approach is to have rising action building the details and tension in the story , a conflict the main crisis of the novel , and a resolution the final outcome of the crisis , this is not the only way to do it. You can start with a central conflict and work backwards to show why it matters.

For example, a girl can be returning home for her father's funeral, and the reader may not know why this is going to lead to a major conflict momentarily. Your novel also doesn't have to neatly "resolve" the conflict. It's okay to leave some loose ends undone — if your readers like your novel, they'll be more than happy to tie up those loose ends themselves speculation, fan fiction, discussion, and the like. Your novel also doesn't have to be linear. It can start in the present, jump back and forth between the past and the present, or even start in the past and jump ahead twenty years — do whatever works best for telling your story.

Read some of your favorite novels and follow the plot arc. See how the novel is put together. This can be even more interesting if the novel isn't linear. Decide on a point of view. Novels are typically written in the third or the first person, though they can also be written in the second person, or in a combination of multiple perspectives. The first person is the "I" voice that is told directly from the point of view of a character; the second person, less commonly used, addresses the readers as "you" and tells the reader exactly what he or she is doing, and the third person describes a character or set of characters from an outside perspective.

You don't have to decide on the point of view of the novel before you write the first sentence. In fact, you may write the first chapter — or even the entire draft of the first novel — before you have a better idea of whether the novel will sound better in the first person or the third.

There's no hard and fast rule about what point of view will work better for what type of novel. But if you're writing a panoramic novel with a wide variety of characters, the third person can help you manage all of the characters that populate your novel. Consider starting from scratch. Though it's great to start with a genre, plot, characters, and a setting in mind, if you want to write a novel, you shouldn't get too bogged down with all these details first.

You can get inspired by something simple — a historical moment, a snatch of a conversation you hear in the grocery store, or a story your grandmother once told. This can be enough to get you writing and to start creating something from what you already know. If you're too preoccupied about details even before your first draft, you may actually be stifling your own creativity.

Consider making an outline. Every novelist has a different method for starting a new novel. Creating an outline can be a good way to map out your ideas and give you small goals to accomplish as you work toward the larger goal of writing an entire book.

But if you write from the hip and don't have all the details — or any of them — down yet, then you should just let yourself get inspired and write whatever feels right until you latch on to something that really appeals to you. Your outline does not have to be linear. You could do a quick sketch of each character's arc, or make a Venn diagram showing how different characters' stories will overlap.

Your outline is a guide , not a contract. The point is simply to jump-start the writing process with a visual representation of where the story might go. It will certainly change as you begin the writing process. Sometimes an outline can actually be more helpful after you've completed a draft or two of your novel. This can help you have a better sense of how your novel is structured and can help you see what does or does not fit, or what should be expanded or compressed.

Find a writing routine that works for you. To complete your first draft, you'll need to find a time and place that is conducive to your writing goals. You can write at the same time every morning or evening, write in spurts throughout the day, or write in long bouts three days a week. Whatever your routine may be, you can't just write when you're inspired — that's a myth. You'll have to treat writing like real work and stick to a regular routine, whether you "feel" like writing on a certain day or not.

Create a writing space to help you get into a routine. Find a cozy place where you can relax and there are no distractions. Invest in a chair that won't give you back pains after hours and hours of sitting and writing. You don't write a book in an hour; it takes months, so protect your back. Your routine can also include what you need to eat or drink before or during your scheduled writing time. Does coffee make you feel more alert and aware, or too jittery to be productive? Does a big breakfast energize you, or leave you feeling sluggish?

The amount of research you need to do will depend on the novel you write. Be sure to know, research, and learn as much as you can about your novel's setting starting with the character's culture, locale, and era. The research you'll need to do to write historical fiction set during the Revolutionary War, for example, will be more copious than the research you may need to write a Young Adult novel inspired by your own experiences in high school.

Still, whatever novel you're writing, you'll need to do enough research to make sure that the events in your novel are accurate and believable. Make use of the library. You'll be able to find most of the information you need in your local library, and libraries are also excellent places to do some writing. If you're unsure whether a topic you're writing about rings true, find someone with firsthand knowledge on the subject and ask a lot of questions.

Researching can also influence the scope and content of your novel. As you read more about the time period or topic you're writing about, you may find some new details that are completely fascinating — and which change the entire direction of your novel.

Write a first draft. When you feel ready, sit down and begin writing the first draft of your novel. Don't worry about making the language perfect — no one will read this draft but you.

Write without judging yourself. The first draft of a novel does not have to be spectacular — it just has to be done. The roughest parts of the novel may turn out to be the most compelling in future drafts. Make the commitment and write every single day — or as often as you can. You do need to understand what you're undertaking.

Many wonderful writers go unnoticed and unread because their drawers are filled with unfinished novels. Set small goals — finishing a chapter, a few pages, or a certain amount of words every few days — to keep yourself motivated.

You can also set long-term goals — let's say you're determined to finish the first draft of a novel in one year, or even in six months.

Pick an "end date" and stick to it. Write as many drafts of your novel as necessary. You may get lucky and only need to write three drafts to get it right. Or you may write twenty drafts before your novel rings true. The important part is slowing down and figuring out when your work feels done and ready to share with others — if you share it too early, your creativity will be stifled. Once you've written enough drafts of your novel and feel ready to move on, you can move on to the editing stage.

When asked what was the hardest part of writing the ending for A Farewell to Arms after rewriting it thirty-nine times Ernest Hemingway famously replied, "Getting the words right". After you've written your first draft, take a break from it for a few weeks, or even a few months, and try to sit back and read it as if you were one of your readers. Which parts need more explaining? Which parts are too long and boring? A good rule of thumb is that if you find yourself skipping over long chunks of your novel, your readers will, too.

How can you make the novel more appealing to them by cutting down or revising these cumbersome parts? Each new draft, or new revision, can focus on addressing one or multiple aspects of the novel.

For example, you can write one entirely new draft focusing on making the narrator more interesting to readers, another draft that hones in on developing the setting of the events, and a third that fleshes out the central romance in the novel. Repeat this process over and over until you have a draft you'd be proud to show other people. It may be months or years before your novel gets to this stage; be patient with yourself. When you have reached the point where you have written a solid draft of your novel, you can start editing your work.

Now you can focus on cutting paragraphs or sentences that aren't working, getting rid of any awkward or repetitive phrasing, or just streamlining your prose. There's no need to edit every sentence you write after the first draft — most of the words will change by the time you've completed a solid draft anyway.

Print out your novel and read it aloud. Cut or revise anything that just doesn't sound right. Don't be too attached to your writing, for example a particular paragraph that just isn't moving the story forward. Challenge yourself to make the right decision. You can always use the paragraph in a different piece.

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The toughest part of learning how to write a novel is knowing where to start and how to keep on going to the end. This section of Novel Writing Help is all about demystifying the writing . What will help me write a book? 7 steps If you’ve tried to write a novel and have put it aside, you might ask ‘What will help me write a book?’ It’s crucial, on the one hand, to choose a book idea that allows for story development, for rising and falling action.

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How to Start Writing a Book, 1st Chapter Sometimes there’s nothing worse for a writer than a blank screen, just waiting to be filled in. Here you’ll find guidelines, advice, and inspiration for taking those first steps from blank page to finished piece. Nov 01,  · November is National Novel Writing Month; here's the best software to help you write 50, words in 30 filezperfecttz.cftion: Features Editor.