Domestic violence is merely not just physical, but is any behavior that is intended to control another person through the use of verbal assaults. Domestic violence is a very important social issue because it has a large negative affect on the victims.
Even though Domestic violence can be caused by either male or female it is usually caused by the male due to the large physical advantage. This essay will discuss the history of domestic violence, as well as explain the different types, and ways to prevent it. The history of domestic violence goes back to the beginning of man. Ever since life was created, inferior people were always taken advantage of by dominant people in society.
Since men are stronger physically than women, the women were usually the inferior ones that were taken advantage of. If you go back to Roman Times, if a wife was to ever cheat on her husband in the past, she could be sentenced to death. During the middle ages, the husband had every right to abuse his wife.
If the police were ever involved, they usually would leave it to be resolved by the family. Even though many years had passed from the Roman Times and middle ages, wife beatings are still seen as acceptable by some groups in society. If the police were called for help with domestic violence, they no longer ignored it. They would arrest and convict those who were guilty of domestic violence. Domestic violence today is very common in households, but little is being done to stop it.
If you try to look at what causes domestic violence, you cannot pinpoint it to one specific problem. After researching various causes of domestic violence, one can conclude that it usually starts with a controlling personality to control another person.
It can start off with verbal slander and turn into physical violence over time. One major cause of domestic violence is stress. Things such as being unemployed, taking drugs, drinking alcohol, or having little money can cause a person a lot of stress, which can result in abuse. Also, in some cases, it can be due to the person being abused themselves in their childhood. Statistics show that many people who are abused in their childhood become abusers themselves. These are various factors that can cause domestic violence.
When domestic violence occurs there are different types of abuse that can take place. The first kind is called physical violence. Physical violence includes slapping, kicking, or anything that is intended to physically injure the person. The second type is emotional abuse which consists of consistently doing or saying things to emotionally harm another person.
The third kind is sexual abuse. Even though these are different levels of abuse, all of them are damaging in their own ways. We as a society know that it is dangerous and emotionally destructive for children to grow up in a violent home. Most societies have laws that punish domestic abusers, but yet it still exists in our society today.
People who are abused tend to think that there is no way out because they are so dependant on their partner. They continue to put up with the abuse and learn ways to cope with it. Also due to the history of domestic violence, it is still seen as acceptable in some ways and not a large threat to society. The first stage of the cycle of violence starts off with tension, which usually causes stress.
Not only the abuser is the main culprit but those who are allowing it to happen and behave like a mute spectator are the partners of the crime. Recently, in India, to cope with the situation, a campaign, called 'bell bajao' was launched.
The main motive of the campaign was to motivate the individuals of the society to raise their voice against the domestic violence happening in home and around.
The campaign was a big hit and successfully managed to draw the attention of crowds towards this issue. Government has also made and enforced domestic violence act. The rules and regulations have been introduced in section A of Indian Penal Code. Law gives an effective shelter and deals strictly with the culprits. But making a law is not sufficient. People will have to awake and arise.
They have to be told about their rights and duties. Every human being deserves the basic honour and respect. No one is entitled to take law in his hands.
Besides, the law enforcement, domestic violence have deeper roots. It is the mentality of the society that covets an overhauling. Society is in-turn nothing but the constitution of individuals. It is a vicious cycle of abuse, where the wife is almost literally chained to the husband. Her self-esteem has been obliterated. She is financially, emotionally, and functionally helpless. She is incapable of reaching out for help for herself or for her children. At this point the abuse gets more routine; the abuser sites his partner's pathetic state as more reason to beat her.
And the victim sinks deeper, and more beatings ensue. She has been infected with psychological-AIDS; she has no defense "immune system" to combat the disease of abuse. For women, escaping an abusive relationship is VERY difficult. And the abuse usually doesn't stop at the discretion of the male. It is painfully clear that victims have little but two choices: Sadly, the latter is the easier one.
Domestic Violence as a Health Issue The World Health Organization defines health as "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity" In the Health of Women: A Global Perspective, Based on this, domestic violence against women is clearly a health problem.
In , the U. Physical violence is the most basic form of domestic violence, leading to extensive injury, unsuccessful pregnancies and even murder. These are deaths caused by a preventable social problem. Actual or threatened physical violence, psychological violence and the denial of physical and economic resources all have an enormous impact on women's mental health.
These problems take many forms, all affecting women's ability to attain a basic quality of life for herself and her family. Abuse is strongly associated with alcoholism and drug use in women Facts About Domestic Violence. It also can lead to "fatigue and passivity coupled with an extreme sense of worthlessness" Violence Against Women in the Family, These symptoms together remove any initiative and decision making ability from the victim.
This lethargy, coupled with economic barriers, makes escape from the situation very difficult. The lack of initiative also thwarts women's abilities to participate in activities outside of the home. High levels of stress and depression are also extremely common mental health problems for victims of family violence, often leading to suicide Facts About Domestic Violence.
In the United States, one quarter of suicide attempts by white women and one half of attempts by African American women are preceded by abuse In the Health of Women: The World Bank's analysis found domestic violence to be a major cause of disability and death among women; the burden of family violence is comparable to that of HIV, tuberculosis, cardiovascular disease or cancer Domestic Violence Against Women: A Global Issue, In industrialized nations one in five healthy days of life are lost to women age 15 to 44 due to domestic violence Fact Sheet About Domestic Violence Domestic violence "diverts the scarce resources of national health care systems to the treatment of a preventable social ill" Violence Against Women in the Family, Medical costs for the treatment of abused women total at least 3 to 5 billion dollars annually in the United States.
Battered women in the United States are four to five times more likely than non-battered women to require psychiatric treatment, and over one million women in the U.
Finally, families in the United States in which domestic violence occurs use doctors eight times more often, visit the emergency room six times more often and use six times more prescription drugs than the general population Facts About Domestic Violence. A Socio-Economic Crisis Domestic violence against women is not an individual or family problem.
It is an important social issue. Using the Systems Theory as a theoretical framework helps show the resonating effect of such violence. The family unit is one of many sub-systems. Together, all these different sub-systems make up the one big system i. The human body serves as a good example: This will have an effect on the whole body itself society. Although the family unit is only one among the many sub-systems, it is considered to be the most important of them all--the heart, if you will.
Since the family unit is responsible for the socialization of children who will later go on to participate in other sub-systems, than it is logical to assume that a deterioration in the crucial family unit can result in a deterioration within other sub-systems, and of course, the entire system itself.
As mentioned above, the sub-system of health care is feeling the pressure. Something as preventable as domestic violence against women is diverting funds from an already under-funded health care system. There are people out there who need serious medical treatment, but will never, or at the very most, will get insufficient treatment.
Monies allocated to the medical treatment of abused women 3 to 5 billion dollars annually diverts much needed funds from such already under-funded institutions as education, law enforcement, social services etc. Therefore the possibility exists that adults of the future will be sparsely educated delinquents; crime will be on the increase; and important social services won't be able to look out for the welfare of the people--such as shelters for abused women.
The result is long term decay within the entire system, which will add further to the decay within the family, which will cause the entire vicious cycle to continue.
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